Author Guidelines

I. Editorial Policy
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine is an interdisciplinary journal published by The Johns Hopkins University Press. Our readers include scientists, physicians, students, and scholars in many disciplines who are interested in the intersections of biology and medicine. We publish essays that place biological and medical topics within broad scientific, social, or humanistic contexts. We also publish short articles, critical assessments of books, and, occasionally, short stories. Although some of our essays are invited, we welcome voluntary contributions. Please note that we do not publish primary scientific research.

Essays should be preceded by an abstract of up to 200 words. The essays we publish generally range from 4,000 to 7,000 words. We encourage authors to use a personal, informal writing style that preserves the humanity, excitement, and color of the biological and medical sciences.

All essays are subject to peer review before publication, and all manuscripts are edited according to The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed. (Univ. of Chicago Press). For questions about editorial policy or the content of prospective submissions, please contact Dr. Martha Montello, Editor, at

II. Preparation of Manuscripts
Manuscripts must be submitted in digital format as Word (.doc) files, via the ScholarOne system at Text should be in Times Roman font and double-spaced throughout. When an abbreviation is peculiar to any field of biology or medicine, the complete word(s) should be used at first mention in the text, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Tables and illustrations will be accepted when necessary for the presentation of ideas and should be submitted as separate digital images (high-quality .jpeg, .tiff, or .eps files), not in the main manuscript or as PowerPoint slides; specific submission details are available on ScholarOne.

Footnotes are discouraged. If required, they should be numbered consecutively within the text and appear at the end of the document.

Authors should use the minimum number of references consistent with good scholarship and should cite them according to Chicago Manual author-date format, using initials for given names, “et al.” for references with four or more authors, and Medline abbreviations for journal titles. Citations should be given as (Author Year); multiple citations should be listed in alphabetical rather than chronological order and separated by semicolons (Faria, Fredrikson, and Furmark 2008; Moerman 2002).

Journal references should include author(s), year, title, journal title (abbreviated according to Medline, without periods), volume, issue (if available), and inclusive pagination; DOI is optional:

Faria,V., M. Fredrikson, and T. Furmark. 2008. “Imaging the Placebo Response: A Neuro-Functional Review.” Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 18: 473–85.

Hare, C. 2017. “Risk and Radical Uncertainty in HIV Research.” J Med Ethics 43 (2): 87–89.

Hirsch, T., et al. 2017. “Regeneration of the Entire Human Epidermis Using Transgenic Stem Cells.” Nature 551 (7680): 327–32. DOI: 10.1038/nature24487.

Book references should include author(s), year, chapter title, book title, edition, editor(s), inclusive page numbers, place of publication, and publisher:

Childress, J. F. 1997. “The Normative Principles of Medical Ethics.” In Medical Ethics, ed. R. M. Veatch, 29–56. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Moerman, D. E. 2002. Meaning, Medicine and the “Placebo Effect.” Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Trevathan, W. R., E. O. Smith, and J. McKenna. 2008. Evolutionary Medicine and Health: New Perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.

Internet references should include URL but no “accessed” date:

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). 2005. Clinical Trial Registration: A Statement from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.

Nuffield Council on Bioethics. 2016. Genome Editing: An Ethical Review. London: Nuffield Council.

For questions regarding manuscript formatting, contact Solveig Robinson, Managing Editor, at

III. Manuscript Acceptance Policy
While it is our policy to require the assignment of copyright for most essays, we do not usually request assignment of copyright for other contributions. Although the copyright to such a contribution may remain with the author, it is understood that, in return for publication, the journal has the nonexclusive right to publish the contribution and the continuing right, without limit, to include the contribution as part of any reprinting of the issue and/or volume of the journal in which the contribution first appeared by any means and in any format, including computer-assisted storage and readout, in which the issue and/or volume may be reproduced by the publisher or by its licensed agencies.

Offprint purchase information will be sent after manuscripts are accepted.