Author Guidelines


Twentieth-Century China welcomes original submissions within the scope of the journal that have not yet been published—and are not concurrently under consideration for publication—in the same or any similar form. All research submitted for consideration should have an appropriate basis in primary sources in Chinese and any other relevant language.


Twentieth-Century China, a refereed scholarly journal, considers manuscripts written from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives. The journal seeks original scholarly contributions that challenge old paradigms, propose new ideas and theses, set forth innovative research and methodologies, or engage significant historiographical or interpretive issues regarding China’s long twentieth century, as seen in mainland, Taiwan, Hong Kong, or diasporic activities. Comparative empirical and/or theoretical studies that are rooted in Chinese experience but touch on non-China-related subjects are also welcome. In addition, the journal welcomes proposals for reviews of significant works published in languages other than English and related to twentieth-century China, for English translations of influential articles, or for symposium-style special issues.

Peer Review Policy

Twentieth-Century China employs double-blind peer review and evaluation by one or more of the journal’s academic editors in order to select articles for publication. See the Peer Review Policy on the Publication Ethics tab for complete details. The journal aims to deliver decisions within 60 days of submission; almost all decisions are reached in less than 90 days. Authors may be invited to revise in response to readers’ reports after the initial decision. Editors do not usually provide authors with readers’ reports or explanations when manuscripts receive a decision of “do not publish,” and such manuscripts cannot be resubmitted.

Submission Procedure

Please review all the guidelines on this page before submitting your article for consideration. We no longer accept submissions via email.

Manuscripts to be considered for publication in Twentieth-Century China must be submitted through the ScholarOne Manuscripts interface at:

Begin by registering for a user account or, if you already have an account, by logging into the system. Then, select the “Author” tab to open the Author Dashboard, select “Start New Submission,” and follow the onscreen instructions to enter information and upload your manuscript file(s). You will receive an onscreen confirmation message and a confirmation email once your manuscript submission is complete.

A user’s guide to the ScholarOne system, FAQs, tutorials, and other help resources may be found at and should answer your questions about the system. If you experience a problem you are unable to resolve via these resources, please direct inquiries to Margherita Zanasi, the editor of the journal, at

Manuscript Preparation

It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that a manuscript is written in clear English before submitting it to the journal. Manuscripts that are not ready cannot be sent to reviewers. Authors may wish to employ a language editor to ensure that language issues will not interfere with reviewers’ and editors’ ability to fully understand the points made in a manuscript. ScholarOne provides a link to one editing service embedded within the journal's submission interface, but Twentieth-Century China does not endorse any particular service among the many available to authors. Use of an editing service can help to clearly communicate the ideas in a paper, but it naturally cannot guarantee acceptance for publication.
Twentieth-Century China takes academic ethics seriously. Authors should understand their ethical responsibilities as outlined in the JHUP Journals Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement. Manuscripts submitted to the journal may be scanned with software designed for the detection of plagiarism.
The total word count of articles should not exceed 10,000 words, including the footnotes, the abstract, and the captions and legends.

Because we employ blind review, authors must remove indications of their identities and affiliations from submitted texts and from file attributes. Acknowledgments may be added only after acceptance.

Please remove all information from your text that might identify an author or an author’s institution. In addition, strip out personal information embedded in your manuscript files by using one of the following methods. Run Word’s Document Inspector on a copy of your file by first clicking the File tab and the Check for Issues button and then selecting Inspect Document. In Word for Mac, select either the Review tab in the ribbon or Tools in the menu, then choose Protect Document, add a checkmark next to “Remove personal information from this file on save,” and save your file.

Prepare your main manuscript file in Microsoft Word or another editable file format. Include an abstract of up to 150 words and about 6 keywords. Format any figures or tables as separate files in appropriate file formats (see Nontext Components, below). Do not embed figures or tables in the main manuscript file, and do not use placeholder files for figures: upload your high-resolution files when you submit your manuscript. Include figure captions and table legends at the end of the main manuscript file.

Use double-spaced, 12-point, Times New Roman type for English and pinyin throughout, including the footnotes. Please keep other formatting to a minimum.

Include Chinese characters (in any Unicode font other than Times New Roman) and pinyin for Chinese names and terms in the text. Do not include Chinese characters in the footnotes. Romanization should follow the pinyin system (without tone markings) for Chinese, Möllendorf for Manchu, modified Hepburn for Japanese, and any standard system for other languages.

Footnote citations should follow the humanities format of The Chicago Manual of Style (16th or 17th ed., chap. 14). Cite each source in full the first time and by author and short title thereafter; do not employ ibid.

Our style summary for authors covers all the journal’s basic style requirements for final accepted manuscripts, and it includes examples of citation formats for English and Chinese works of various types and explains our rules for handling Chinese in the text and notes. Shorter guides highlight the most important requirements for the authors of multibook review essays and reviews of single books. Please refer to Twentieth-Century China’s full style manual and to The Chicago Manual of Style if you require more complete style guidance.

Nontext Components

Only photos, figures, and maps that provide significant support to the argument presented in the article or significant insight into the subject of the article may be published. Color figures will appear in black and white in the print edition.

Before including images, please consider whether descriptive language can make the point adequately instead and whether permission to reproduce the image is likely to be obtainable from the holder of the copyright. See the section on Permissions, below, for important information on the reproduction of images and other material in Twentieth-Century China: most images will require permission letters. Fully acknowledge the sources of all images and data.

Provide tables in an editable format (Word or Excel, for example). Photos, figures, and maps must be good-quality TIFF or EPS files (JPG format may be used if necessary). Upload these high-resolution versions of your figures via ScholarOne when you first submit your manuscript for consideration. See the section of the Johns Hopkins University Press’s FAQ page treating Art In Digital Format for further details about the preparation of figure files.


It is the author’s responsibility and obligation to ensure that work submitted to Twentieth-Century China does not violate any copyright or any other right held by a third party.

The section of the press’s FAQ page treating Rights & Permissions offers further information on this topic. Because Twentieth-Century China is distributed worldwide, US copyright statutes may not be the only relevant law.

Before publication, authors must obtain written permission to republish any material that is not their own creation, not in the public domain, and not covered by fair use: employ the press’s permission request template for this purpose. The language of the template requests that rights-holders (publishers or creators) grant specific rights. When necessary, the template may also be adapted to request permission simply to reproduce an original held by a museum or archive.

Extensive quotation from a short work may exceed fair use and require a permission letter. Translations of text should be the author’s own or, if the work of another, be properly cited and meet fair use standards (unless in the public domain or reproduced by permission letter).

Captions for images and notes to tables must fully credit sources of images and data. Authors should obtain permission letters for all images not clearly in the public domain. Most images made in the twentieth century are not in the public domain, and works for which no copyright-holder can be located do not thereby fall into the public domain. Reproduction of an image—considered a complete work—is generally not accepted as fair use. A small number of nonsequential stills from a film may be reproduced under fair use when an author’s point cannot be made by descriptive language alone.

Upon acceptance, the journal requires all authors to sign and return a publishing agreement. A publishing agreement and any necessary permissions must be complete before an article can proceed to publication.