Author Guidelines

Twentieth-Century China welcomes original submissions within the scope of the journal that have not yet been published—and are not concurrently under consideration for publication—in the same or any similar form. See below for a scope description and important details of the submission procedure.

Manuscripts to be considered for publication should be submitted by email to:

Margherita Zanasi
Department of History
Louisiana State University


Twentieth-Century China, a refereed scholarly journal, considers manuscripts written from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives. The journal seeks original scholarly contributions that challenge old paradigms, propose new ideas and theses, set forth innovative research and methodologies, or engage significant historiographical or interpretive issues regarding China’s long twentieth century, as seen in mainland, Taiwan, Hong Kong, or diasporic activities. Comparative empirical and/or theoretical studies that are rooted in Chinese experience but touch on non-China-related subjects are also welcome. In addition, the journal welcomes proposals for reviews of significant works published in languages other than English and related to twentieth-century China, for English translations of influential articles, or for symposium-style special issues.

Peer Review Policy

Twentieth-Century China employs double-blind peer review and evaluation by one or more of the journal’s academic editors in order to select articles for publication.

Submission Procedure

We employ double-blind review: authors' names should not appear in manuscript files. Include your contact information (affiliation, physical and email addresses, telephone) and the title of your manuscript in your cover email message.

Submit manuscripts as Microsoft Word files. Include an abstract of up to 150 words and about 6 keywords. The total word count of articles should not exceed 10,000 words, including abstracts, footnotes, and captions. Use double-spaced, 12-point, Times New Roman type for English and pinyin throughout, including the footnotes. Please keep formatting to a minimum: do not employ Word’s “styles” feature or templates, but do use italics where appropriate and distinguish headings and subheadings.

Footnotes must follow the humanities format of The Chicago Manual of Style (16th or 17th ed., chap. 14). Cite each source in full the first time and by author and short title thereafter; do not employ ibid.

Include Chinese characters (in any Unicode font other than Times New Roman) for Chinese names and terms in the text. Do not include Chinese characters in the footnotes. Romanization should follow the pinyin system (without tone markings) for Chinese, Möllendorf for Manchu, modified Hepburn for Japanese, and any standard system for other languages.

Our style summary for authors covers our basic style requirements, and it includes examples of citation formats for English and Chinese works of various types and explains our rules for handling Chinese. Refer to Twentieth-Century China’s style manual and to The Chicago Manual of Style for complete style guidance.

Nontext Components

Only photos, figures, and maps that provide significant support to the argument presented in the article or significant insight into the subject of the article may be published. Before including images, please consider whether descriptive language can make the point adequately instead. Color figures will appear in black and white in the print edition.

Captions for images and legends for tables must fully acknowledge sources. See the section on Permissions, below, for important information on the reproduction of images and other material.

Submit tables, photos, figures, and maps as separate files; include the captions at the end of the main text file. Tables must be in an editable format (Word or Excel, for example).

Low-resolution images should be employed for peer review; contact the editor before sending large files. Later, for publication, provide photos, figures, and maps as good-quality TIFF or EPS files (JPG format may be used if necessary). See the section of the press’s FAQ page treating Art In Digital Format for further details about figure files.


It is the author’s responsibility and obligation to ensure that work submitted to TCC does not violate any copyright or any other right held by a third party. Note that orphaned works for whom no copyright-holder can be located do not thereby fall into the public domain.

The section of the press’s FAQ page treating Rights & Permissions offers further information on this topic. Because TCC is distributed worldwide, US copyright statutes may not be the only relevant law.

Before publication, authors must obtain written permission to republish any material that is not their own creation, not in the public domain, and not covered by fair use: employ JHUP’s permission request template for this purpose. The language of the template requests that rights-holders (publishers or creators) grant specific rights. When necessary, the template may also be adapted to request permission to reproduce an original held by a museum or archive.

Extensive quotation from a short work may exceed fair use and require a permission letter. Translations of text should be the author’s own or, if the work of another, be properly cited and meet fair use standards (unless in the public domain or reproduced by permission letter).

Captions for images and notes to tables must fully credit sources. Authors should obtain permission letters for all images not clearly in the public domain. Most images made in the twentieth century will require permission letters. A small number of nonsequential film stills may be reproduced under fair use when an author’s point cannot be made by descriptive language alone.