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James Joseph Sylvester

Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian World

Karen Hunger Parshall

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Honorable Mention Winner in the Biography & Autobiography category of the Professional and Scholarly Publishing Awards given by the Association of American Publishers

In this first biographical study of James Joseph Sylvester, Karen Hunger Parshall makes a signal contribution to the history of mathematics, Victorian history, and the history of science.

A brilliant Cambridge student at first denied a degree because of his faith, Sylvester came twice to America to teach mathematics, ultimately becoming one of Daniel Coit Gilman's faculty recruits at Johns Hopkins in 1876 and winning the coveted…

Honorable Mention Winner in the Biography & Autobiography category of the Professional and Scholarly Publishing Awards given by the Association of American Publishers

In this first biographical study of James Joseph Sylvester, Karen Hunger Parshall makes a signal contribution to the history of mathematics, Victorian history, and the history of science.

A brilliant Cambridge student at first denied a degree because of his faith, Sylvester came twice to America to teach mathematics, ultimately becoming one of Daniel Coit Gilman's faculty recruits at Johns Hopkins in 1876 and winning the coveted Savilian Professorship of Geometry at Oxford in 1883. He held professorships of natural philosophy, worked as an actuary, was called to the bar, and taught mathematics to cadets training for engineering and artillery posts in the British Army. During his long, distinguished career he also edited England's Quarterly Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics and established the American Journal of Mathematics, the first sustained mathematics research journal in the United States.

Situating Sylvester's life within the political, religious, mathematical, and social currents of nineteenth-century England, Parshall penetrates the myth of this venerated figure, revealing how he lived, the choices he made and why, how the world in which he lived affected him—and how he affected that world. The story of Sylvester's life sheds light on the evolution of mathematical thought. It also examines the ways in which mathematics may be done and what factors may shape a mathematician's ideas. Parshall explores the development of academic professionalization, nineteenth-century mathematical culture, and the emergence of modern algebra as a mathematical discipline. She highlights the human side of what many view as that most arcane and otherworldly of intellectual endeavors, mathematics, which indeed answers to such diverse factors as religion, ego, and depression.

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James Joseph Sylvester

Karen Hunger Parshall

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Reviews

Reviews

A masterful biography.

An important and impressively documented contribution to the history of nineteenth-century mathematics.

A thoroughly enjoyable read.

This is an exceptional example of scholarly research.

Parshall has already established herself as a leading expert on Sylvester and his milieu, carefully reconstructing the trajectory of Sylvester's professional life on the basis of copious documentary evidence, describing Sylvester's more important mathematical results in his career context, and writing for broad audiences with no detailed mathematical exposition or technical analysis of Sylvester's mathematics... Highly recommended.

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About

Book Details

Publication Date
Status
Available
Trim Size
6.125
x
9.25
Pages
544
ISBN
9780801882913
Illustration Description
8 halftones, 5 line drawings
Table of Contents

Introduction: The Myth, the Mathematician, the Man
Chapter 1. Born to "the Faith in Which the Founder of Christianity Was Educated"
Chapter 2. A Price of Dissent
Chapter 3. The Hollow Walls of Academe
Cha

Introduction: The Myth, the Mathematician, the Man
Chapter 1. Born to "the Faith in Which the Founder of Christianity Was Educated"
Chapter 2. A Price of Dissent
Chapter 3. The Hollow Walls of Academe
Chapter 4. Actuary by Day...Mathematician by Night
Chapter 5. Into the Invariant-Theoretic Unknown
Chapter 6. A New Beginning
Chapter 7. At War with the Military
Chapter 8. The Uneasy Years
Chapter 9. Exploring Familiar Ground on Unfamiliar Territory
Chapter 10. Tackling New Challenges in a Home Away from Home
Chapter 11. A Bittersweet Victory
Chapter 12. The Final Transition
Epilogue
Notes
References
Index

Author Bio