Back to Results
Cover image of Students and Society in Early Modern Spain
Cover image of Students and Society in Early Modern Spain
Share this Title:

Students and Society in Early Modern Spain

Richard L. Kagan

Publication Date
Binding Type

Originally published in 1974. The close connection between universities and bureaucratic institutions such as church and state was perhaps first noticed by Max Weber. Such institutions, he observed, require a dependable source of cadres to run them. Thus, the size and composition of university enrollments are often a function of bureaucratic needs. Richard Kagan examines the dynamics of this relationship historically by racing the growth and decline of the university system in Castile, the heart of the Spanish monarchy, between 1500 and 1809. This period marked the emergence of a strong...

Originally published in 1974. The close connection between universities and bureaucratic institutions such as church and state was perhaps first noticed by Max Weber. Such institutions, he observed, require a dependable source of cadres to run them. Thus, the size and composition of university enrollments are often a function of bureaucratic needs. Richard Kagan examines the dynamics of this relationship historically by racing the growth and decline of the university system in Castile, the heart of the Spanish monarchy, between 1500 and 1809. This period marked the emergence of a strong Habsburg state and a militant Catholic church, both of which looked to the universities for "educated" men. Accordingly, the universities grew rapidly, and by 1600 Castile was perhaps the best-educated kingdom in Europe. But this did not last. Jobs were increasingly filled through nepotism, causing students to abandon the universities in search of other careers. By 1700, the universities were small, backward institutions. Kagan begins by examining the nature and position of primary, secondary, and university institutions in Hapsburg Spain, concentrating on the extent and purpose of literacy.

In Part II, Kagan discusses the growth and development of the ruling hierarchies in the bureaucratic world and gives special consideration to the criteria used to recruit officials. The author concludes with an assessment of the impact of bureaucratic changes in church and state on the universities of Castile. The data he collects on changes in the curriculum, the professorate, and the social and geographical backgrounds of the students are used to support hypotheses about the spectacular rise and collapse of university education in Spain, the process of modernization, the development of bureaucracies, and the crisis of the Spanish monarchy. Students and Society in Early Modern Spain demonstrates that institutions of higher learning often collapse when they become over-professionalized and fail to respond to changing conditions. Thus, Kagan provides a study of education and social changeā€”of why educational institutions are central to a society in one century but only peripheral to it in the next. The author casts new light not only on the short lived educational revolution of the sixteenth century but also on education in other societies, both past and present.

About

Book Details

Publication Date
Status
Available
Trim Size
6
x
9
Pages
305
ISBN
9781421430522
Table of Contents

Abbreviations
Preface
Introduction
Part I. The Educational System of Habsburg Spain
Chapter 1. Early Education
Chapter 2. Latin and LIberal Arts
Chapter 3. The Universities
Part II. Office and Honor
Chapter 4

Abbreviations
Preface
Introduction
Part I. The Educational System of Habsburg Spain
Chapter 1. Early Education
Chapter 2. Latin and LIberal Arts
Chapter 3. The Universities
Part II. Office and Honor
Chapter 4. Incentives to Study
Chapter 5. The Letrado Hierarchy
Chapter 6. Recruitment to Office
Part III. The Universities of Castile
Chapter 7. The Colegios Mayores
Chapter 8. Teachers and Students
Chapter 9. Change and Decay
Chapter 10. Conclusion
Appendix A. Additional Tables
Appendix B. University Matriculation Books in Spain
Bibliographical Essay
Index

Author Bio
Featured Contributor

Richard L. Kagan

Richard L. Kagan is a professor of history at the Johns Hopkins University and the translator and editor, with Abigail Dyer, of Inquisitorial Inquiries: Brief Lives of Secret Jews and Other Heretics, also published by Johns Hopkins.