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Bridge across the Bosporus

The Foreign Policy of Turkey

Ferenc A. Váli

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Originally published in 1971. With Atatürk's guiding reforms, Turkey underwent a sweeping modernization of the country's administration. More specifically, by adopting the Latin alphabet, secularizing the country's governance, and importing European laws and jurisprudence, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk effectively reformed the Republic of Turkey into a secular, modern nation-state. In doing so, he introduced a number of foreign policy commitments. Ferenc A. Váli examines the flexibility of Turkey's foreign commitments in light of the country's modernization; depending on the circumstance, Turkey's…

Originally published in 1971. With Atatürk's guiding reforms, Turkey underwent a sweeping modernization of the country's administration. More specifically, by adopting the Latin alphabet, secularizing the country's governance, and importing European laws and jurisprudence, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk effectively reformed the Republic of Turkey into a secular, modern nation-state. In doing so, he introduced a number of foreign policy commitments. Ferenc A. Váli examines the flexibility of Turkey's foreign commitments in light of the country's modernization; depending on the circumstance, Turkey's foreign policy has wavered between Western alliance and neutrality. Examining Turkey's foreign policy in the twentieth century, Váli provides historical background for Turkey's transition form an empire to a nation-state. Váli also assesses Turkey's relations with NATO, Western allies, Russia, the Baltic States, and the Middle East. For his research, Váli conducted interviews with officials of the Turkish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, political party leaders, academics, journalists, and members of diplomatic missions.

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Book Details

Publication Date
Status
Available
Trim Size
6
x
9
Pages
434
ISBN
9781421435817
Table of Contents

Turkish Spelling and Pronunciation
Preface
Part I: From Empire to Nation-State
Chapter 1. The Turks
Chapter 2. The Ottoman Past
Chapter 3. Decline, Reform, and Revolution
Chapter 4. World War I and the Rise

Turkish Spelling and Pronunciation
Preface
Part I: From Empire to Nation-State
Chapter 1. The Turks
Chapter 2. The Ottoman Past
Chapter 3. Decline, Reform, and Revolution
Chapter 4. World War I and the Rise of New Turkey
Chapter 5. World War II and After
Part II: Foundations of Turkey's Foreign Policy
Chapter 6. Geopolitical Foundations
Chapter 7. Ethnic Foundations
Chapter 8. Ideological Foundations
Chapter 9. Governmental Foreign Policy
Part III: Political Parties, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy
Chapter 10. The Justice Party
Chapter 11. The Republican People's Party
Chapter 12. The Reliance Party
Chapter 13. Splinter Parties
Chapter 14. The Turkish Labor Party
Chapter 15. Public Opinion and Foreign Policy
Part IV: Turkey, the United States, and NATO
Chapter 16. Turkey and NATO
Chapter 17. The United States and Turkey
Chapter 18. American Presence in Turkey
Chapter 19. Relations with Western Europe
Chapter 20. Should Turkey Leave NATO?
Part V: The USSR, the Straits, and the Balkans
Chapter 21. Soviet-Turkish Relations: Cooperation and Confrontation
Chapter 22. Soviet-Turkish Relations: Relaxation and Reorientation
Chapter 23. The Soviets and the Turkish Straits
Chapter 24. Turkey's Western Flank: The Balkans and East Europe
Chapter 25. Can Russia be Trusted?
Part VI: Turkey, Greece, and Cyprus
Chapter 26. Megali Idea
Chapter 27. Turkey and Greece Bury the Hatchet
Chapter 28. The New Apple of Discord: Cyprus
Chapter 29. Cyprus: Settlement and Deadlock
Chapter 30. Turkey and Greece: The Interlocked Nations
Part VII: Turkey and the Middle East
Chapter 31. Turks, Arabs, and Persians
Chapter 32. From the Baghdad Pact to CENTO
Chapter 33. Iran, Pakistan, and CENTO
Chapter 34. Syria, Iraq, and the Kurds
Chapter 35. The Arab-Israeli Conflict
Chapter 36. Turkey's New Middle Eastern Policy
Part VIII: Development: A Foreign Policy Goal
Chapter 37. Development Goals and Problems
Chapter 38. The Five Year Plans
Chapter 39. Aid from the West and from the East
Chapter 40. Turkey and the European Economic Community
Chapter 41. Regional Cooperation for Development
Chapter 42. The Outlook
Part IX: Ambitions and Realities of Turkish Foreign Policy
Chapter 43. The Balance Sheet
Chapter 44. The Weight of Domestic Politics
Chapter 45. The Weight of Ideology
Chapter 46. The Weight of International Factors
Chapter 47. Realities Versus Ambitions
Chronology
Bibliography
Index

Author Bio
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Ferenc A. Váli

Ferenc A. Váli was a lawyer and professor of government and international relations. He taught at the University of Budapest until he and his wife were imprisoned on political charges in 1951. After their release in 1956, he and his wife fled to the United States, where Váli took a position at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst. Váli is also the author of Rift and Revolt in Hungary...