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The New Academic Generation

A Profession in Transformation

Martin J. Finkelstein, Robert K Seal, and Jack H. Schuster

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American colleges and universities are poised at the edge of a remarkable transformation. But while rapid technological changes and increasingly intense competition for funding are widely recognized as signs of a new era, there has also been an unprecedented though silent demographic change in the profile of the faculty. In The New Academic Generation, higher education researchers Martin Finkelstein, Robert Seal, and Jack Schuster focus on the changing face of academe, as women, foreign-born, and minority scholars enter the professoriate in larger numbers and as alternatives to full-time…

American colleges and universities are poised at the edge of a remarkable transformation. But while rapid technological changes and increasingly intense competition for funding are widely recognized as signs of a new era, there has also been an unprecedented though silent demographic change in the profile of the faculty. In The New Academic Generation, higher education researchers Martin Finkelstein, Robert Seal, and Jack Schuster focus on the changing face of academe, as women, foreign-born, and minority scholars enter the professoriate in larger numbers and as alternatives to full-time tenure-eligible appointments take hold.

Looking at who will teach at American colleges and universities in the future and examining their roles and responsibilities, the authors argue that the new generation will usher in an era of dramatic change with profound long-term implications. Finkelstein, Seal, and Schuster base their analysis on the 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty conducted by the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics. The largest national survey of faculty in a quarter-century, it provides detailed analyses permitting the authors to describe the characteristics of the relatively new entrants into academic careers, and to compare them with their more senior colleagues. The authors present their analysis in 88 tables, describe their findings, examine future issues for teaching-learning communities, and provide strategies for strengthening the faculty—and thereby higher education itself. The challenges posed by this new academic generation, they conclude, will be one of the defining issues for American colleges and universities for years to come.

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The New Academic Generation

Martin J. Finkelstein, Robert K Seal, and Jack H. Schuster

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Reviews

Reviews

The wealth of data provided in this book will be fascinating for anyone who is interested in the changing composition of US faculty.

This book is an important contribution to understanding the transformations that are reshaping the academic work force. I particularly commend the authors on the effort to put their findings in the context of earlier work and to highlight some of the significant trends that are different from most expectations and conventional wisdom.

Demographic analysis by itself cannot tell us how important changes may be or what responses to them are appropriate. Fortunately, the authors of this study go well beyond simply reporting data. They discern important patterns and highlight significant trends that should be kept in mind as policies for the future of postsecondary education are debated.

About

Book Details

Publication Date
Status
Available
Trim Size
6
x
9
Pages
256
ISBN
9780801858864
Illustration Description
7 b&w illus.
Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables
Preface and Acknowledgments
Part I: Context: The Faculty at a Crossroads
Chapter 1. A Faculty Perspective
Chapter 2. Two Notable Developments
Chapter 3. In Summary
Part II

List of Figures and Tables
Preface and Acknowledgments
Part I: Context: The Faculty at a Crossroads
Chapter 1. A Faculty Perspective
Chapter 2. Two Notable Developments
Chapter 3. In Summary
Part II: Taking the Measure of a New Academic Generation
Chapter 4. Studying the Professoriate: A Historical Note
Chapter 5. Scope of Inquiry
Chapter 6. Identifying the New Academic Generation
Chapter 7. The Seven-Year Sort
Chapter 8. The 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty
Chapter 9. Data Analysis Procedures
Part III: Demographic Contours of the New Academic Generation
Chapter 10. The New-Faculty Cohort: Its Size and Venues
Chapter 11. Demographics and Background
Chapter 12. In Summary
Part IV: The Preparation and Careers of the New Academic Generation
Chapter 13. Educational Background
Chapter 14. Career Experience
Chapter 15. In Summary
Part V: The New Academic Generation at Work
Chapter 16. Distribution of Faculty Effort
Chapter 17. The Work Week
Chapter 18. Teaching Strategies
Chapter 19. Involvement in Research and Publication
Chapter 20. Concurrent Employment
Chapter 21. In Summary
Part VI: The Attitudes and Values of the New Academic Generation
Chapter 22. Faculty Roles and Rewards
Chapter 23. Instructional Duties
Chapter 24. The Campus Environment
Chapter 25. Campus Facilities and Resources
Chapter 26. In Summary
Part VII: The New Academic Generation and the Future of American Higher Education
Chapter 27. Summary of Intercohort Comparisons
Chapter 28. Implications for the Future Faculty and Their Work
Chapter 29. In Conclusion
Appendix A: Extended Tables
Appendix B: Selected Comparisons of New- and Senior-Faculty Cohorts
Appendix C: 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty: Faculty Questionnaire
Notes
References
Index

Author Bios
Featured Contributor

Jack H. Schuster

Jack H. Schuster is professor emeritus of education and public policy and a senior research fellow at Claremont Graduate University. He is a coauthor of The New Academic Generation: A Profession in Transformation and The American Faculty: The Restructuring of Academic Work and Careers.
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