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Brazil in the Global Nuclear Order, 1945–2018

Carlo Patti

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The first comprehensive and definitive history of Brazil's decision to give up the nuclear weapon option.

Why do countries capable of "going nuclear" choose not to? Brazil, which gained notoriety for developing a nuclear program and then backtracking into adherence to the nonproliferation regime, offers a fascinating window into the complex politics surrounding nuclear energy and American interference.

Since the beginning of the nuclear age, author Carlo Patti writes, Brazil has tried to cooperate with other countries in order to master nuclear fuel cycle technology, but international…

The first comprehensive and definitive history of Brazil's decision to give up the nuclear weapon option.

Why do countries capable of "going nuclear" choose not to? Brazil, which gained notoriety for developing a nuclear program and then backtracking into adherence to the nonproliferation regime, offers a fascinating window into the complex politics surrounding nuclear energy and American interference.

Since the beginning of the nuclear age, author Carlo Patti writes, Brazil has tried to cooperate with other countries in order to master nuclear fuel cycle technology, but international limitations have constrained the country's approach. Brazil had the start of a nuclear program in the 1950s, which led to the United States interfering in agreements between Brazil and other countries with advanced nuclear industries, such as France and West Germany. These international constraints, especially those imposed by the United States, partly explain the country's decision to create a secret nuclear program in 1978 and to cooperate with other countries outside the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty [NPT] regime, such as Argentina and China. Yet, in 1998, Brazil chose to adhere to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty it so actively opposed only three decades prior, although the country still critiques the unfair nature of the treaty.

Patti draws on recent declassified primary sources collected during years of research in public and private archives in eight different countries, as well as interviews with former presidents, diplomats, and scientists, to show how US nonproliferation policies deeply affected Brazil's decisions. Assessing the domestic and international factors that informed the evolution of Brazil's nuclear diplomacy, Brazil in the Global Nuclear Order, 1945-2018 also discusses what it means with respect to Brazil's future political goals.

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Brazil in the Global Nuclear Order, 1945–2018

Carlo Patti

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Reviews

An impressively detailed study that pushes boundaries in the field of nuclear history. Does justice to the critical role that Brazil played in the development of the contemporary global nuclear order.

Carlo Patti makes a significant contribution to the scholarship on Cold War history, Latin American history, and transnational histories of technology. It is a rare feat to be able to successfully compress a complex history of more than seventy years into one monograph. I'm highly impressed with the amount and quality of research that Patti has done as well as his understanding of Brazil's domestic politics.

Carlo Patti's thoughtful account offers a complete analysis of the evolution of Brazil's nuclear policies over almost seventy years. It is an original, rigorous, and illuminating contribution to our understanding of the foreign policy of a crucial country in the global nuclear order. This is an important book that will stand the test of time.

Patti's well-researched book throws new light on the origins, development, and objectives of Brazil's atomic policies and program as well as its participation in the efforts of the international community to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and promote nuclear disarmament.

About

Book Details

Publication Date
Status
Available
Trim Size
6
x
9
Pages
312
ISBN
9781421442877
Illustration Description
18 b&w photos, 2 b&w illus.
Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Chapter 1. Origins of Brazil's Nuclear Ambitions (1946–1955)
Chapter 2. Brazil a Promoter of Nonproliferation Norms? (1955–1966)
Chapter 3. Against the Regime(s) and Brazil's

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Chapter 1. Origins of Brazil's Nuclear Ambitions (1946–1955)
Chapter 2. Brazil a Promoter of Nonproliferation Norms? (1955–1966)
Chapter 3. Against the Regime(s) and Brazil's Renewed Nuclear Ambitions (1964–1974)
Chapter 4. The Brazilian Nuclear Program in the Geisel Years (1974–1979)
Chapter 5. Between Autonomy and International Collaboration? (1979–1985)
Chapter 6. Brazil's Re-democratization and Continuation of the Nuclear Program (1985–1989)
Chapter 7. Giving Up the Bomb (1989–1994)
Chapter 8. Brazil's Accession to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (1995–2003)
Chapter 9. Brazil and the Nuclear Issue from Lula da Silva to Temer (2003–2018)
Conclusion
Abbreviations
Notes
Index

Author Bio
Carlo Patti
Featured Contributor

Carlo Patti

Carlo Patti is a professor of international relations at the Federal University of Goiás.