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Daniel Coit Gilman and the Birth of the American Research University

Michael T. Benson

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One of the most remarkable education leaders of the late nineteenth century and the creator of the modern American research university finally gets his due.

Daniel Coit Gilman, a Yale-trained geographer who first worked as librarian at his alma mater, led a truly remarkable life. He was selected as the third president of the University of California; was elected as the first president of Johns Hopkins University, where he served for twenty-five years; served as one of the original founders of the Association of American Universities; and—at an age when most retired—was hand-picked by Andrew…

One of the most remarkable education leaders of the late nineteenth century and the creator of the modern American research university finally gets his due.

Daniel Coit Gilman, a Yale-trained geographer who first worked as librarian at his alma mater, led a truly remarkable life. He was selected as the third president of the University of California; was elected as the first president of Johns Hopkins University, where he served for twenty-five years; served as one of the original founders of the Association of American Universities; and—at an age when most retired—was hand-picked by Andrew Carnegie to head up his eponymous institution in Washington, DC.

In Daniel Coit Gilman and the Birth of the American Research University, Michael T. Benson argues that Gilman's enduring legacy will always be as the father of the modern research university—a uniquely American invention that remains the envy of the entire world. In the past half-century, nothing has been written about Gilman that takes into account his detailed journals, reviews his prodigious correspondence, or considers his broad external board service. This book fills an enormous void in the history of the birth of the "new" American system of higher education, especially as it relates to graduate education. The late 1800s, Benson points out, is one of the most pivotal periods in the development of the American university model; this book reveals that there is no more important figure in shaping that model than Daniel Coit Gilman.

Benson focuses on Gilman's time deliberating on, discussing, developing, refining, and eventually implementing the plan that brought the modern research university to life in 1876. He also explains how many university elements that we take for granted—the graduate fellowships, the emphasis on primary investigations and discovery, the funding of the best laboratory and research spaces, the scholarly journals, the university presses, the sprawling health sciences complexes with teaching hospitals—were put in place by Gilman at Johns Hopkins University. Ultimately, the book shows, Gilman and his colleagues forced all institutions to reexamine their own model and to make the requisite changes to adapt, survive, thrive, compete, and contribute.

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Daniel Coit Gilman and the Birth of the American Research University

Michael T. Benson

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Michael Benson's fresh biography of Daniel Coit Gilman shows how an inspired president helped to transform the ideal of a great university into a reality with the founding of the Johns Hopkins University.

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Book Details

Release Date
Publication Date
Status
Preorder
Trim Size
6.125
x
9.25
Pages
376
ISBN
9781421444161
Illustration Description
21 b&w photos
Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Chapter 1. Yale and the Life-Giving Springs of New Haven
Chapter 2. The House of Our Expectations in California
Chapter 3. The Three Great Advisers
Chapter 4. Gilman

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Chapter 1. Yale and the Life-Giving Springs of New Haven
Chapter 2. The House of Our Expectations in California
Chapter 3. The Three Great Advisers
Chapter 4. Gilman the Recruiter
Chapter 5. Launching Our Bark upon the Patapsco
Chapter 6. Advancing Knowledge Far and Wide
Chapter 7. The Slater Fund and Attempts to Integrate Hopkins
Chapter 8. Allies, Not Rivals
Conclusion
Notes
Works Cited
Index

Author Bio
Michael T. Benson
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Michael T. Benson

Michael T. Benson (MYRTLE BEACH, SC) is the president of Coastal Carolina University, where he is also a professor of history. He is the author of Harry S. Truman and the Founding of Israel and the coauthor of College for the Commonwealth: A Case for Higher Education in American Democracy.