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Revolution

The Event in Postwar Fiction

Matthew Wilkens

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A sophisticated theoretical treatment of postwar fiction as a model of literary and cultural change.

Socially, politically, and artistically, the 1950s make up an odd interlude between the first half of the twentieth century—still tied to the problems and orders of the Victorian era and Gilded Age—and the pervasive transformations of the later sixties. In Revolution, Matthew Wilkens argues that postwar fiction functions as a fascinating model of revolutionary change. Uniting literary criticism, cultural analysis, political theory, and science studies, Revolution reimagines the years after World...

A sophisticated theoretical treatment of postwar fiction as a model of literary and cultural change.

Socially, politically, and artistically, the 1950s make up an odd interlude between the first half of the twentieth century—still tied to the problems and orders of the Victorian era and Gilded Age—and the pervasive transformations of the later sixties. In Revolution, Matthew Wilkens argues that postwar fiction functions as a fascinating model of revolutionary change. Uniting literary criticism, cultural analysis, political theory, and science studies, Revolution reimagines the years after World War II as at once distinct from the decades surrounding them and part of a larger-scale series of rare, revolutionary moments stretching across centuries.

Focusing on the odd mix of allegory, encyclopedism, and failure that characterizes fifties fiction, Wilkens examines a range of literature written during similar times of crisis, in the process engaging theoretical perspectives from Walter Benjamin and Fredric Jameson to Bruno Latour and Alain Badiou alongside readings of major novels by Ralph Ellison, William Gaddis, Doris Lessing, Jack Kerouac, Thomas Pynchon, and others.

Revolution links the forces that shaped postwar fiction to the dynamics of revolutionary events in other eras and social domains. Like physicists at the turn of the twentieth century or the French peasantry of 1789, midcentury writers confronted a world that did not fit their existing models. Pressed to adapt but lacking any obvious alternative, their work became sprawling and figurative, accumulating unrelated details and reusing older forms to ambiguous new ends. While the imperatives of the postmodern eventually gave order to this chaos, Wilkens explains that the same forces are again at work in today’s fracturing literary market.

Reviews

Reviews

Wilkens’s most informative contributions remain his own intriguing and forthright theoretical expositions, especially his account of encyclopedic narrative. Here, he argues strongly for the decoupling of the form from national identity or narrative, but also rails against any ahistorical understanding... I would highly recommend [this book] to scholars of critical theory and post-war fiction.

Its account of the connection between allegorical techniques and revolutionary change is nothing short of brilliant, even if its periodizing claims are (as periodizing claims always are) a bit rough at the boundaries. Literary critics and cultural historians of both the post-45 period (focusing on the U.S. and elsewhere) and of modernism will be building on and refining the insights in Revolution for a long time to come.

Allegory is one of the imagination's basic tools for imaginative statement, and in Revolution: The Event in Postwar Fiction (Hopkins) Matthew Wilkens identifies the reemergence of the encyclopedic novel as allegory's latest vehicle.

A compelling and strikingly original account of the 1950s as a moment in literary history. Wilkens makes the case that—far from seeing this decade as a bland interregnum between the highs of modernism and postmodernism—we need to understand it as a moment in which the possibilities for literature are fascinatingly open.

Rarely does one happen upon a work of literary criticism that takes such incisive care in building its own conceptual foundations before beginning the work of interpretation. No surprise, then, that the reading of fifties literature arising therefrom is as sturdy, lucid, and elegant as it is fundamentally exciting and new. Wilkens transforms the nagging problem of the hinge between modernism and postmodernism into an occasion for literary historical inquiry of the most rewarding kind.

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Book Details

Publication Date
Status
Available
Trim Size
6
x
9
Pages
176
ISBN
9781421420875
Illustration Description
4 line drawings
Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

1. Introduction

Part 1: The Structure of Literary Revolutions
2. Allegory
3. Event
4. The Encyclopedia as Object and Metaphor

Part 2: Failure and Novelty in Postwar Fiction
5. Allegory

Acknowledgments

1. Introduction

Part 1: The Structure of Literary Revolutions
2. Allegory
3. Event
4. The Encyclopedia as Object and Metaphor

Part 2: Failure and Novelty in Postwar Fiction
5. Allegory, Encyclopedism, and Postwar America
6. Ellison’s Impure Manifesto
7. Integration and Disorder in The Golden Notebook

Notes
Bibliography
Index

Author Bio
Featured Contributor

Matthew Wilkens

Matthew Wilkens is a member of the English and American Studies faculties at the University of Notre Dame.