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Transitions to Democracy

A Comparative Perspective

edited by Kathryn Stoner and Michael McFaul

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Fifteen case studies by scholars and practitioners demonstrate the synergy between domestic and international influences that can precipitate democratic transitions.

As demonstrated by current events in Tunisia and Egypt, oppressive regimes are rarely immune to their citizens’ desire for democratic government. Of course, desire is always tempered by reality; therefore how democratic demands are made manifest is a critical source of study for both political scientists and foreign policy makers. What issues and consequences surround the fall of a government, what type of regime replaces it, and…

Fifteen case studies by scholars and practitioners demonstrate the synergy between domestic and international influences that can precipitate democratic transitions.

As demonstrated by current events in Tunisia and Egypt, oppressive regimes are rarely immune to their citizens’ desire for democratic government. Of course, desire is always tempered by reality; therefore how democratic demands are made manifest is a critical source of study for both political scientists and foreign policy makers. What issues and consequences surround the fall of a government, what type of regime replaces it, and to what extent are these efforts successful? Kathryn Stoner and Michael McFaul have created an accessible book of fifteen case studies from around the world that will help students understand these complex issues. Their model builds upon Guillermo O’Donnell, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead's classic work, Transitions from Authoritarian Rule, using a rubric of four identifying factors that can be applied to each case study, making comparison relatively easy.

Transitions to Democracy yields strong comparisons and insights. For instance, the study reveals that efforts led by the elite and involving the military are generally unsuccessful, whereas mass mobilization, civic groups, and new media have become significant factors in supporting and sustaining democratic actors. This collection of writings by scholars and practitioners is organized into three parts: successful transitions, incremental transitions, and failed transitions. Extensive primary research and a rubric that can be applied to burgeoning democracies offer readers valuable tools and information.

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Transitions to Democracy

edited by Kathryn Stoner and Michael McFaul

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Reviews

Reviews

The book is solid in scholarship, methodology, and organization.

Successfully traces the interaction between domestic and international actors during regime transitions in a wide range of cases from the 1970s to the 2000s. Each chapter provides a font of primary research very rarely found in edited volumes of this sort. In particular, this book offers a unique source of detail on U.S. foreign policy towards a wide range of countries at various points over the last thirty years. Nowhere is so much detail on so many cases available in a single book.

About

Book Details

Publication Date
Status
Available
Trim Size
6.125
x
9.25
Pages
456
ISBN
9781421408149
Illustration Description
9 graphs
Table of Contents

Introduction
Chapter 1. Transitional Successes and Failures: The International-
Domestic Nexus
Part I: Successful Transition Cases
Chapter 2. The Soviet Union and Russia: The Collapse of 1991 and the

Introduction
Chapter 1. Transitional Successes and Failures: The International-
Domestic Nexus
Part I: Successful Transition Cases
Chapter 2. The Soviet Union and Russia: The Collapse of 1991 and the Initial Transition to Democracy in 1993
Chapter 3. Poland: International Pressure for a Negotiated Transition, 1981–1989
Chapter 4. Serbia: Evaluating the Bulldozer Revolution
Chapter 5. Ukraine: External Actors and the Orange Revolution
Chapter 6. Indonesia: Economic Crisis, Foreign Pressure, and Regime Change
Chapter 7. South Africa: Enabling Liberation
Chapter 8. Chile: Coordinating a Successful Democratic Transition
Part II: Incremental Transition Cases
Chapter 9. Ghana: Democratic Transition, Presidential Power, and the World Bank
Chapter 10. Mexico: International Influences but "Made in Mexico"
Chapter 11. South Korea: The Puzzle of Two Transitions
Chapter 12. Turkey: The Counterintuitive Transition of 1983
Part III: Failed Transition Cases
Chapter 13. Algeria: An Aborted Transition
Chapter 14. Iran: The Genealogy of a Failed Transition
Chapter 15. China: The Doomed Transitional Moment of 1989
Chapter 16. Azerbaijan: Losing the Transitional Moment
List of Contributors
Index

Author Bios
Featured Contributor

Michael McFaul

Michael McFaul the Peter and Helen Bing Sr. Fellow at the Hoover Institution and a professor of political pcience at Stanford University. Previously he served as senior director for Russia in the National Security Council of President Barack Obama. He was appointed the United States Ambassador to the Russian Federation in January 2012.