Author Guidelines

Notes for Contributors

In general Lutheran Quarterly employs The Chicago Manuel of Style (CMS), 16th Edition, Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2010 as the house style. Note especially the following:


  1. Lutheran Quarterly prefers succinct titles. Avoid the use of double titles containing a colon.
    1. Supplemental information about the intent of the article will catch the reader’s eye if it is incorporated into the first paragraph.
    2. Divide the article into subdivisions; entitle each division.
  2. The main title should appear at the top of the first page of text in the following format:

Title of the Essay
by John T. Author

  1. Avoid using the asterisk in the title. Notices pertaining to prior publication and presentation should appear at the head of the endnotes as an unnumbered entry.


  1. All contributions must be submitted electronically, double–spaced, 12–point, Times New Roman font, one–inch margins, aligned both left and right.
  2. Avoid the suggestion of oral presentation. For example, avoid the use of first person and the use of contractions.
  3. Capitalization.
    1. Do not use capitalization for the sake of emphasis.
    2. Use capitals for Reformation and Reformers in reference to the sixteenth century.
    3. Use capitals in reference the Bible and books of the Bible. For example, Scripture, Gospel According to St. Mark (however, use lower case, gospel, in reference to the message of Christ.
    4. Use capitals in reference to institutional church bodies. For example, Bethlehem Lutheran Church, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Roman Catholic Church. But use lower case in general reference to the church and denominational traditions. For example, Lutheran church; the church in Africa.
    5. Miscellaneous considerations: Pope Leo, but the pope of Rome; Holy Roman Empire, but empire; Confession of Augsburg, but Lutheran confession.
  4. Italics.
    1. The textual citation of published works should be in italics: e.g., The Book of Concord. However, citation of confessional symbols should appear in Roman type: e.g., the Small Catechism.
    2. Single words and short phrases in languages other than English will be italicized. Do not set them off in quotation marks.
  5. Quotations.
    1. Under five typewritten lines may be set off in quotation marks; over five lines should appear as a block quotation, indented without quotation marks; continue to use the double–space format.
    2. Use quotation marks to identify titles of essays cited in the text.
  6. Scholarly abbreviations.
    1. While the use of scholarly abbreviations is acceptable in parenthesis and end notes, they should not be used in the text. For example, in place of “i.e.” use “that is”; in place of “e.g.” use “for example”; in place of “etc.” use “and so forth.”
  7. Diacritics.
    1.    In spelling German ä, ö, and ü diacritics should be used, not ae, oe, ue.
    2. Diacritics should always be employed where appropriate, particularly in the citation of languages other than English.
    3. Care should be taken in the citation of Greek and Hebrew.
  8. Spelling.
    1. Use “-ize” endings when given as an alternative to “–ise.”
    2. Use American form, not British; for example, savior, not saviour.
  9. Dates and Numbers.
    1. 1990s; not 1990’s.
    2. Sixteenth century; not 16th century.
    3. July 1994; not July, 1994.
    4. Sixty–seven; not 67; but use numerals for numbers over one hundred.
  10. Acronyms.
    1. Avoid the use of acronyms. Cite the referent fully in the first usage. After that you may use the acronym. 
  11. Evangelical–Lutheran.
    1. For historical reasons we encourage the use of the hyphenated expression, Evangelical– Lutheran, in reference to that tradition.

End Notes

  1. Continue the use of double–space format.
  2. In the text, references to the end note numbers should appear in superscript.
  3. The first citation of a work in the endnotes should include the complete bibliographical data—Author, Title, (City of Publication: Publisher, date of publication), vol:pg.ln.  For example:
    1. LUTHERS WERKE, Kritische Gesamtausgabe, 57 vols. Eds.J.F.K. Knaake et al.  (Weimar: Böhlau, 1883ff.) 2:45.6-10.  (Hereafter cited as WA.)
    2. LUTHER’S WORKS, American Edition, 55 vols. Eds. Pelikan and Lehmann (St Louis and Philadelphia: Concordia and fortress, 1955ff.) 2:45.  (Hereafter cited as LW.)
    3. CORPUS REFORMATORUM, 28 vols. Eds. C.G. Bretschneider et al.  (Brunsvigae and Halis Saxorum: C.A. Schwetschke et Filium, 1834-60) 3:75-76.  (Hereafter cited as C.R.)


  1. Manuscripts may be submitted directly to our editor, Paul Rorem, at Princeton Theological Seminary,
  2. All manuscripts for publication are reviewed by two scholarly peers in the area of the subject matter.

For European Authors

              The rules of style are stricter in America than in Europe. Lutheran Quarterly employs The Chicago Manuel of Style  (CMS), 16th Edition (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2010) in the matter of establishing the rules which govern the preparation of essays for publication in the journal. Authors are encouraged to consult CMS whenever they are in doubt about some matter in the preparation of manuscripts.

              There are a number of points at which European style differs from American style.  Because these matters occur so frequently we bring them to your attention, in order to avoid the necessity of having to request revision.

  1. Complete bibliographic information in the endnotes: We require that the following information appear in the endnote citations: Author (first and last name), title (city of publication: name of publisher, date of publication) vol:pg.ln.
                  Consult the Traditio and/or CMS whenever in doubt about the acceptable style of end–note citations.
  2. Full name: We require in the course of reference to persons that the full name be cited (first and last name). This rule covers citation of names in the text of the essay as well as in the end– notes. For example: NOT J.T. Person, BUT James T. Person.
  3. Translation: Of course, when your essay appears in the form of translation of the original language we strive for a smooth English version of the text. Especially, we seek to avoid idiosyncratic usage, peculiar to the original language of the essay.
  4. In other matters: Consult our Traditio or The Chicago Manual of Style whenever you have a particular question about acceptable style.  Authors are welcome to address specific questions to the managing editor: Via USPS: Virgil Thompson, Lutheran Quarterly, Gonzaga University, 502 E Boone Ave, Spokane, WA  99258 USA; By Telephone: 509–313–6713; or Via Email: