JHUP ANNOUNCES PARTNERSHIPS WITH THE CONVERSATION & MADE BY HISTORY

by eea | Thursday, May 17, 2018 - 10:27 AM

Johns Hopkins University Press director Barbara Kline Pope has announced an innovative combination of initiatives aimed at amplifying the impact of ground-breaking scholarly work published by the Press. New partnerships with the acclaimed curated news sites The Conversation and Made by History will give Press authors and journal editors and contributors significant new opportunities to frame their expertise and insights for audiences beyond the academic realm through “explanatory journalism.”

“These two platforms combine to advance the core mission of our book and journal publishing—bringing the deep expertise of researchers and academics to broader discussions of public issues,” said Pope. “We are committed to making a positive impact on the world through the dissemination of solid, peer-reviewed knowledge and information. These partnerships make it even more likely that our authors and editors can make a difference through informed, civil public discourse.”

As the first university press to join The Conversation as a supporting member, JHUP aligns itself with a widely-praised effort to “provide a fact-based and editorially independent forum, free of commercial or political bias.” The Conversation launched in the U.S. as a pilot project in October 2014, offering...Read More

Putin’s New Russia: Fragile State or Revisionist Power?

by bjs | Tuesday, May 15, 2018 - 10:00 AM

The Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University held a September 2015 conference and subsequent talks about the New Russia of President Vladimir Putin. The journal South Central Review recently published a collection of articles from those events called "Putin's New Russia: Fragile State or Revisionist Power." Andrew Natsios , Director of the Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs at the Bush School, shares some of his thoughts on the topic. He also appeared on our podcast series to talk about the journal issue.

by Andrew Natsios Director of the Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs Bush School of Government, Texas A&M University

When Boris Yeltsin named Vladimir Putin Acting President in December 1999, many in the western capitals hurriedly attempted to determine who he was and how he rose in three years from being an obscure municipal official to Acting President of Russia. In his earlier career, Putin served 16 years in the KGB, the Soviet Secret Police, as a Lt. Colonel assigned to East Germany. After retiring from the KGB, he went to work in St. Petersburg city government in several posts, including Deputy...Read More

How Did Putin's Russia Develop?

by bjs | Monday, May 14, 2018 - 1:00 PM

The Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University held a September 2015 conference and subsequent talks about the New Russia of President Vladimir Putin. The journal South Central Review recently published a collection of articles from those events called "Putin's New Russia: Fragile State or Revisionist Power." Andrew Natsios , Director of the Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs at the Bush School, guest edited the issue and joined us for a discussion about the issue.

Audio titled Andrew Natsios, South Central Review by JHU Press

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Smilodon

by eea | Friday, May 11, 2018 - 12:00 PM

We know that modern lions are social and form prides, but whether this was also is true of the extinct sabertooth cat, Smilodon, as well, or whether it was a solitary hunter, like the living tigers, is still being debated by paleontologists. The social behavior of Smilodon is just one of the many questions that paleontologists have asked about the natural history of one of the best known and iconic ice age mammals, perhaps only second to the equally well-known mammoths. In an attempt to try and address the many facets of the natural history of this extinct predator, easily recognized by its distinctive enlarged canines or sabers that give rise to its more popular name, a gathering of paleobiologists (dare we say a pride?) from Europe, South America, and across the United States were brought together for the first International Sabertooth Workshop, a three day meeting supported by the National Science Foundation and co-hosted by the Idaho Museum of Natural History and the Department of Biological Sciences at Idaho State University. This paleontological think tank, composed of individuals, all of whom have studied the many interesting aspects of Smilodon ’s anatomy and natural history, was convened to...Read More

The History of the Cesarean Section

by eea | Thursday, May 10, 2018 - 10:08 AM

Cesarean section is the most commonly performed surgery in the United States today, a stark turnaround from the 19 th century when physicians dismissed cesareans as “sacrificial midwifery,” for good reason. The maternal death rate associated with the operation was appalling. More than half the women who underwent cesareans in the US before 1871 died. With no effective treatments for infection and hemorrhage until after WWII, doctors avoided cesareans until well into the 20 th century. Even as late as the 1960s, a cesarean was, in the words of one retired obstetrician, “a super big deal.” In contrast, in 2015, obstetricians performed 1.2 million cesarean sections. What prompted the change in medical practice? Several components of the answer to that question turned out to be surprising.

Since the 1970s, obstetricians have pointed to the threat of malpractice suits as the primary reason for the 633% increase in cesarean surgeries—from 4.5% to 33% of births—between 1965 and 2009. But the first lawsuits for “failure to perform a cesarean”—a legal strategy pioneered by John Edwards, the North Carolina senator and one-time vice-presidential and presidential candidate—weren’t filed until the early 1980s, more than a decade after the cesarean section rate began its...Read More