JHU Press Blog
by may | Monday, July 27, 2020 - 1:06 PM
Published by the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (ASECS), Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture (SECC) is an annual, peer-reviewed volume devoted to publishing revised and expanded versions of scholarship first presented at the national and regional meetings of ASECS and its affiliate societies. SECC features articles that chart out new directions for research on eighteenth-century culture and reflects the wide range of disciplinary interests that characterize eighteenth-century studies.
The 2019 volume of Studies in Eighteenth Century Culture includes David S. Shields’ paper What Remains of the Flavors of the Eighteenth Century?, which investigates the history of rare varieties of fruits and vegetables that have remained genetically intact over centuries and across continents. JHU Press is grateful to have been able to ask Mr. Shields about his work researching, restoring, and cultivating these nearly-vanished varietals.
How did this article come about? How did you choose SECC to publish?
At every annual meeting of the American Society for Eighteenth Century Studies a scholar is nominated to deliver a plenary lecture on a topic that might interest the broad membership of this multidisciplinary association. It is called the Clifford lecture. I was selected to give this lecture...Read More
by eea | Tuesday, July 21, 2020 - 4:00 PM
By Tammi L. Shlotzhauer, M.D.
These are alarming times for everyone. If you have Rheumatoid Arthritis, there are some additional concerns. With RA, as well as other autoimmune diseases, your immune system responds differently to triggers in our environment. As yet, we do not know how the new coronavirus will affect your immune system with RA. We do know that RA patients, in general, are at higher risk for infections and complications of infections. In addition, many people with RA are on medications intended to regulate an “overactive” immune system by suppressing it, thereby controlling the symptoms of RA. However, in that process, other important protective parts of the immune system are not functioning normally. This weakening of the immune system makes you at risk for a more severe infection if contracted. You may not consider yourself compromised given that with our effective RA medications, you may be functioning quite normally in this world. In addition, your suppressed immune system is invisible to friends, family,...Read More
by eea | Friday, July 17, 2020 - 4:00 PM
By Laura Wayman
Whether you are a family caregiver or a professional care provider, it is important to remain adaptable with your care approach to successfully manage dementia symptoms and behaviors. A caregiver who is “dementia-aware” is one who remains open to continuing education.
Now, in the midst of this coronavirus crisis and all of the challenges it brings to you the caregiver, more than ever this is a time to help the one(s) being cared for by using dementia-aware communication strategies, remaining sensitive to the fact that all of the emotions and feelings remain. Dementia-aware communication has less to do with your words than it has to do with the feelings you project.
Let’s first transform our perception of dementia and why it is necessary to change our communication and approach to better connect with the individual with dementia symptoms. Dementia is not a specific disease. It's an overall term that describes a group of symptoms associated...Read More
by eea | Wednesday, July 15, 2020 - 4:00 PM
By Michael S. Levy, Ph.D.
An alcohol use disorder is often referred to as a chronic relapsing illness. Especially among people who have recently achieved abstinence, it is not uncommon for a person to start drinking again. To avoid a relapse, individuals learn about their triggers, or the things that could lead them to drink again. They learn how to cope with their triggers in healthy ways, or even to avoid them completely when possible. Triggers can include people, places, things, thoughts, and feelings. While reasons for relapse are unique to each person, we have learned much about triggers and some are quite common.
The COVID-19 pandemic has created multiple stresses and alterations in all our lives. Unfortunately, many of the changes caused by this pandemic align with some of the well-known triggers that can lead to a relapse. If people can be prepared, the chance of a relapse will be lessened. In this...Read More
by eea | Monday, July 13, 2020 - 4:00 PM
By Kathleen Trainor, PsyD
Children all over the country went to school one day, only to be told they were not going back the next. With no preparation, lockers were left full of books, musical instruments abandoned in classrooms, and all sports, school plays, concerts, and after school activities cancelled. Teens left their friends at the end of the school day with weekend plans in place, not knowing they wouldn’t see their friends for many weeks. This began life in quarantine for kids and teens, all due to an invisible virus with a strange name called COVID-19. The super busy day to day life of being a kid in America came to a sudden, unexpected halt. Parents suddenly stayed home all day, making everything in life seem upside down.
After the initial shock, and days became weeks of quarantine, most kids and parents have adjusted somewhat to the change. Some things are positive for kids. More free time, more...Read More
The Morehouse Model: How One School of Medicine Revolutionized Community Engagement and Health Equity
by eea | Friday, July 10, 2020 - 4:00 PMThis book was written to address the literature and practice gap on effective community engagement strategies in underserved metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural communities, especially in African American communities. The Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) model of community engagement is an integrated framework based on social science principles and real-time lessons learned. This book, The Morehouse Model, takes you behind the scenes to unfold how integrated strategies from varied health promotion and prevention programs and community-based participatory research contributed to MSM’s preeminence in leading the creation and advancement of health equity. The institution’s global leadership in prioritizing and sustaining community engagement through its number one ranking (among 154 medical schools) in social mission warranted a comprehensive anthology of how this reputation was built, exemplified, and has been scaled over time. The details in this work provide a guiding compass illustrated through a model, case studies, and lessons learned that other academic health centers and health equity proponents may emulate and adapt within their own contexts.
The academic authors have long valued the significance of community intelligence for solving health concerns in concert with communities. The...Read More
by eea | Thursday, July 9, 2020 - 4:00 PM
By Michael W. Quartuccio, MD
Over 10% of the United States population has diabetes. Long-term consequences of poorly managed diabetes include visual impairment, kidney failure, amputations, and a higher risk of heart disease or stroke. However, in the short term, poorly managed diabetes may impact the body’s response to a viral illness. Though the mechanism is not completely understood, high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) may result in a dysfunctional immune response to infection. This can lead to a more serious illness with infections than in those without diabetes. Using the example of the H1N1 influenza pandemic of 2009-10, studies showed that those with diabetes were 3 times more likely to be hospitalized and 4 times more likely to be admitted to an intensive care unit than those without diabetes. This increased risk is especially important to...Read More
by eea | Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 4:00 PMWhy did you decide to write Artifacts: How We Think and Write about Found Objects?
Until I went to college in 1997, I lived in a log cabin that my parents had built on a spot of land owned by my great grandparents, tucked by the side of a desolate dirt road in southern West Virginia. Family hand-me-downs along with the detritus of a dwindling rural community seemed to accumulate in our cabin; my dad, especially, liked to keep and collect old things. Sometimes, I’ve felt like I grew up in some version of the 1700s, and no doubt my own past helped endear me to the study of history and the stories that its objects might tell.
In 2011, I visited the library at the Society of Antiquaries in London and got a chance also to poke around in their museum. On the top floor of Burlington House, behind a plain door with a modest plaque that read simply “MUSEUM,” there was a small room where a dusty glass cabinet ran alongside one wall and floor-to-ceiling shelves teetered on the other side stuffed full of...Read More
by eea | Tuesday, July 7, 2020 - 4:00 PM
By Edward Bell, PharmD, BCPS
Professor of Pharmacy Practice, Drake University College of Pharmacy, Des Moines Iowa
Author, Children’s Medicines: What Every Parent, Grandparent, and Teacher Needs to Know (Johns Hopkins Press Health)
What Symptoms Does Coronavirus Cause, and are They Different in Children and Adults?
Coronavirus is spread among people primarily through the respiratory tract, by coughing, sneezing, and even talking. This is the reason for “6-foot social distancing.” The coronavirus can stay viable (“alive”) on various surfaces, such as door handles or grocery carts for a brief time, although it is not yet known how long. This is why it is best to wash one’s hands often, especially when making trips...Read More
by eea | Wednesday, July 1, 2020 - 5:00 PM
By Susan J. Noonan MD, MPH
The COVID-19 worldwide health crisis has had a major impact on us medically, socially, and economically, with significant disruption to our lives and daily routines. It is a cause of monumental stress, newfound fear, and anxiety in many, including:
- fear of the unknown;
- fear of contracting the virus ourselves and in loved ones, with uncertain and potentially fatal outcomes;
- concerns about insufficient access to both routine and urgent health care, treatments, procedures, medications, and resources;
- loneliness due to social isolation and physical separation;
- fear and anxiety related to erratic changes in our economy, job losses, and diminishing personal financial resources.
The nearly continuous media coverage magnifies our fears, especially when varied, uncertain, rapidly changing, or contradictory...Read More