JHU Press Blog
by eea | Monday, June 18, 2018 - 12:00 PM
Why does the world’s strongest military willingly take orders from unarmed politicians who are unschooled in the logic of professional violence? In a world where “might makes right,” why doesn’t the American military insist on getting its own way in the Pentagon and on Capitol Hill? Americans have become so comfortable with our exceptional norm that we fail to appreciate—or even recognize—the political puzzle we inhabit.
As Plato considered the design of a political community, he wrestled with the paradox of guarding the guardians. How can a community keep its protective force disciplined for the common good—“fierce to its enemies, but gentle to its friends?” In the United States, the guardians tend to guard themselves pretty well. Americans enjoy the luxury of a powerful and effective military that has no desire to involve itself in political rule. A strong sense of non-partisan subordination underwrites American military culture; it’s a point of pride among military members to serve whomever the people elect.
A noble professionalism therefore keeps the US military out of politics, but the practical expression of this professionalism takes varied forms in the daily grind of civil-military interaction. These varying expressions of professionalism are rooted in...Read More
by eea | Tuesday, June 12, 2018 - 8:00 AM
Cold War Perspective on the North Korea Summit: Lessons from the Berlin Crisis
A summit between President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, inconceivable a few months ago, now offers the tantalizing possibility of solving one of the world’s major diplomatic challenges. Harsh rhetoric seemed to be leading the U.S. and North Korea into a situation where one of the two would have to face humiliating retreat or put their missiles where their mouths were. But then a meeting between South Korea and North Korea opened a door to a roller coaster ride of an on again off again summit between Trump and Kim Jong-un.
A meeting between Trump and Kim would have pleased the old-school diplomat nicknamed the “Cold War Owl.” Llewellyn Thompson served six presidents over a distinguished four plus decade career, including serving as Special Advisor on Soviet Affairs to both Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. He was on hand for most of the...Read More
by eea | Monday, June 11, 2018 - 2:58 PM
MENTAL HEALTH MATTERS
Mental health is something we should not take for granted. Depression, anxiety, mood disorders and other mental health issues impact the well being of millions of Americans everyday. Yet many of us don't know how to talk to each other about mental wellness. Below is a list of resources and texts aimed at promoting discussion and equiping readers with the facts and tools to fight for mental health. If you or a loved one suffers from depression, anxiety, or other mental health issues please know you are not alone. Mental health is just as important as physical health. Take care. Ask for help. Be Well.
Enter the code HTWN on our website to get 20% off any of these titles.
Explaining the basics of mental health—including sleep hygiene, diet and nutrition, exercise, routine and structure, and avoiding isolation— Managing Your Depression empowers people to participate in their own care, offering them a better chance of getting, and staying, well.
by eea | Thursday, June 7, 2018 - 12:00 PM
I started writing this book , Northern Italy in the Roman World , with a question: what effects did the Roman Empire have on territories under its control? That question has been a mainstay of Roman studies for decades, and I was hoping to apply it to northern Italy, an area that has been relatively neglected in scholarship on the Roman Empire.
In attempting to answer that question, I encountered further questions. What did I mean when I spoke of the Roman Empire? Was it the Roman state? Was it a larger imperial system of emperors, administrators, soldiers, and economic infrastructure? If so, how did this system function, and did that system evolve over time? Combined evidence from ancient inscriptions, archaeological remains, literature, and material culture eventually suggested that the Roman Empire was a complex and ever-changing system. Correspondingly, the effects of the Roman Empire on territories under its control changed as the empire itself changed.
Those effects can be seen throughout northern Italy. A good example can be found about 70 miles from Venice, in the small town of Aquileia. While the town now has just over 3,300 inhabitants, in the Roman era it was one...Read More
by eea | Wednesday, June 6, 2018 - 12:00 PM
As a political historian, my initial objective when writing Hydrocarbon Nation was simply to investigate the role that fossil fuels have played in influencing America’s political and economic advance. My sense was that although most environmentalists view these natural resources as fundamentally evil, in fact, they had been central to the rise of the United States as a global power. I spent a few years researching and writing about this before recognizing that in many ways the more incredible story was how a loss of energy security, presaged by the peaking of domestic oil production in 1970, revealed fundamental weaknesses in our governing model and eroded foundational norms that we had long cherished. This resulted in a partial redirection of the book project. Rather than focusing solely on writing a narrative examining how our hydrocarbon largesse was used within what I call the INNATE revolutions (INdustrial + N + Agricultural + Transportation + Electrification), I determined that it was necessary to chronicle the impact that reduced energy security had on contemporary politics. After working on this account for more than a year, it occurred to me that the book would still be incomplete without some serious...Read More
by bjs | Wednesday, June 6, 2018 - 10:00 AM
The late Michael Rogin , a political theorist who taught at the University of California, Berkley, spent his career finding creative approaches to critiquing the intersections of culture and power. His work "foregrounds the patterns of racialized nationalism and spectacle that Trump inherits and revises in resonant and dangerous ways," according to his former students Alyson Cole and George Shulman . They co-wrote an essay for the Spring 2018 issue of the journal Theory & Event examining this perspective. Cole, a Professor of Political Science, Women & Gender Studies, and American Studies at Queens College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York, and Shulman, who teaches political theory and American Studies at the Gallatin School of New York University, joined us for a Q&A about their essay.
How did you two come together to work on this essay?
We are both former students of Michael Rogin, though from different generations. That shared intellectual parentage (we are also students of Hanna Pitkin) created an important foundation for our relationship. Indeed, we met for the first time shortly after Mike's sudden and unexpected death, and that too...Read More
by eea | Tuesday, June 5, 2018 - 12:00 PM
George Washington and Thomas Jefferson's To-Do List:Declare independence (note the British are the most powerful economic and military force in the world). Win a war (see note 1). Convince the thirteen colonies to give up their autonomy and form a federation (clearly confederacy is simply not going to work). Write a constitution and get signatures to same (see note 3.). Build a nation’s capital – an inspirational city - from the ground up.
The two hardworking gentlemen did lead a revolution; one with his writing, the other with military acumen. They removed the American colonies from British control. Their team cobbled together a nation of states, complete with a constitution, from thirteen disparate colonies.
Though both these middle-aged fellows deserved time off to enjoy their preferred lives as farmers – Washington at Mt. Vernon, Jefferson at Monticello – they firmly believed that the future of their new nation depended on a symbolic, as well as a physically central, location from which the new United States would be governed.
George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were clearly not intimidated by any challenge, but this was a beauty. With no money, no plans, no materials and no experience –...Read More
by bjs | Wednesday, May 30, 2018 - 10:00 AM
The first issue of the 2018 volume of SEL Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 seeks to answer the question, "can there be anything 'After Sovereignty.'" That title presents a special issue of nine papers examining the historical aspects of sovereign power in the context of English literature and contemporary thought. Joseph Campana , Associate Professor and Alan Dugald McKillop Chair in English at Rice University, edited the issue in his role as Editor for Editor for 1500-1659 at the journal. He joined us for a Q&A about the inaugural issue of the journal's 58th volume .
You mention the issue developed from a 2016 MLA panel . How did the plan evolve from that time to publication?
The issue came out of one of those incredibly fortuitous encounters at a conference. I attended a wonderful panel on a subject deeply of interest to me. From there I contacted the panelists to see who might be available for the special issue. Then, I supplemented those contributions with a few new faces and two respondents. We debuted the special issue on a panel at the 2018 Renaissance Society of America conference in...Read More
by bjs | Wednesday, May 23, 2018 - 2:00 PM
In 2018, Karen Pinkus moved into the editor position at the journal diacritics . The journal is based at Cornell University where Pinkus is a Professor of Italian and Comparative Literature . We previously spoke with Pinkus on a podcast about a 2014 special issue on climate change criticism she edited. Pinkus joined us for a Q&A to talk about her new role at the journal.
How did you end up in the position of editor?
Our editors serve three-year terms. To my great surprise, I was nominated by other members of the editorial board. I certainly wasn't thinking about it, but as I wrote a statement in support of my candidacy, I realized the editorship would allow me to reach out to a very diverse group of scholars I've met over quite a few years in academia (and in different institutions and fields of study), and to think creatively about how to engage a new generation of potential authors. Again, to my great surprise, I was elected last July.
It's really important to me that we maintain our strict policy of double blind peer review....Read More
by bjs | Tuesday, May 22, 2018 - 3:40 PM
Discussions concerning the ethical issues related to stem cells have been ongoing for many years, but a special section in the latest issue of Perspectives in Biology and Medicine takes a deep look at some of the newest and most complex issues – including the direct global sales of services and untested and unproven products marketed as stem cells.
Guest edited by Tamra Lysaght and Jeremy Sugarman , the special section on Ethics, Policy, and Autologous Cellular Therapies in Volume 61, Issue 1 includes six essays that examine the potential impacts of using a person’s own stem cells on patients, health-care systems and the public trust in science and medicine.
“Many scholars in bioethics, law, medicine, philosophy, sociology and stem cell science worry such practices will place patients at risk of unnecessary harm and exploit vulnerable populations with unsubstantiated claims of clinical benefit,” says Lysaght, Assistant Professor in the Centre for Biomedical Ethics at the National University of Singapore.
The issue developed from a symposium held in Singapore in May 2017. The symposium was a collaboration between the Centre for Biomedical Ethics at the National University of Singapore,...Read More