JHU Press Blog

Structured Decision Making: Case Studies in Natural Resource Management

by eea | Monday, June 8, 2020 - 12:00 PM

Management of our natural resources requires difficult decisions. We balance tradeoffs between water for crops, fish, and people. We choose protected areas when we’re uncertain about the future effects of climate change. We decide how much to invest in the study of potential zoonotic diseases. Each of these decisions has significant consequences for ecosystems, species, and people.

To make it most likely that we’ll achieve the outcomes we want from our decisions, it makes sense to use the best approaches to decision making. Decision analysis, also known as structured decision making, is designed to help decision makers make difficult choices more effectively. Structured decision making helps decision makers develop a cognitive “map” of their difficult decisions and gives them the tools they need to deal with challenges like tradeoffs, risk, and uncertainty.

Over the last 15 years, the four of us—all ecologists and decision analysts with the U.S. Geological Survey—have worked with other natural resource scientists and managers from around the world to develop the theory and practice of structured decision making for natural resource management. Our new book, Structured Decision Making: Case Studies in Natural Resource Management , synthesizes these...Read More

Food Insecurity on Campus: Action and Intervention

by eea | Thursday, June 4, 2020 - 4:00 PM

The current higher education system is failing too many of our students and communities. Approximately half of undergraduates – and especially those from historically marginalized and disadvantaged communities – report that they are struggling to meet basic daily necessities like adequate food, and such material hardships are impeding their college success. Something must be done.

Food Insecurity on Campus: Action and Intervention contains the latest promising practices designed to promote basic needs security so that students can learn and reach their educational and life goals. This book brings together the nation’s leaders and innovators in the field, each sharing their distinct approach to better serving students through practice, research, and policy. It is a direct response to the requests that we, the editors and chapter contributors, have received for guidance and support to better serve all students.

We worked hard to bring together a diverse group of contributing authors who are tacking food insecurity on campus from multiple angles. Some are generating awareness and implementing programs to address immediate needs, like campus pantries, meal voucher programs, and emergency grant initiatives. Others are leveraging external community partnerships and public benefits to help...Read More

Author Muriel Gillick discusses “The Caregiver’s Encyclopedia"

by eea | Friday, May 22, 2020 - 3:30 PM

Muriel Gillick, author of The Caregiver’s Encyclopedia: A Compassionate Guide to Caring for Older Adults , summarizes the uses of her helpful book for two different audiences: family caregivers, and physicians. Watch the videos on YouTube at the following links to learn more about Gillick’s indispensable, comprehensive reference for caregiving.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZWWzQ6zdRSs - " Supporting Family Caregivers with Medical Knowledge"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yr40Ob0VAH0 - " Partnering with Family Caregivers to Aid Physicians with Frail Elderly Patients"

More about The Caregiver’s Encyclopedia :

Caregivers hold the key to the health, well-being, and happiness of their aging relatives, partners, or friends. The Caregiver's Encyclopedia provides you with all of the information you need to take the best care of your loved one—from making major medical decisions to making sure you don't burn out. Written by Muriel R. Gillick, MD, a geriatrician with more than 30 years' experience caring for older people, this book highlights the importance of understanding your friend's or family member's overall health. With compassion and expertise, this book will help you "think like a...Read More

Downward Mobility - Q&A with author Katherine Binhammer

by eea | Friday, May 15, 2020 - 9:00 AM

Katherine Binhammer answers questions about her new book Downward Mobility: The Form of Capital and the Sentimental Novel .

Your book on downward mobility in eighteenth-century literature was published right before a pandemic-induced recession. How might British cultural history illuminate the present?

Downward mobility, where a person’s income is less than their parents, has been increasing since the 1980s yet the story economists have been telling is one of unprecedented financial growth. According to pre-COVID numbers, we had never been wealthier. The pandemic has tragically demonstrated why that story was always a lie, with higher rates of deaths for those in lower incomes while corporate America is given bailouts. Who pays for the risks that global financial capitalism assumes has never been clearer than in this moment. The book’s central argument is that the stories we tell about money are more important to our financial well-being than economic statistics and we need to tell a different story. Eighteenth-century cultural history shows us that the main plot is not upward or downward mobility; the true story is about how wealth is distributed and who pays for the risk.

What got you...Read More

Breakaway Americas: The Unmanifest Future of the Jacksonian United States

by eea | Monday, May 11, 2020 - 4:00 PM

It is often said that Americans know little about world geography, but it seems safe to say that, if asked to draw an outline map of the United States (at least the lower forty-eight), most Americans would do a decent job. After all, the shape of the United States is plastered everywhere. Like the Stars and Stripes and the bald eagle, the shape of the United States has become a quintessential patriotic symbol. Americans just cannot imagine the country looking differently.

It was not always this way. As late as 1844, countless Americans predicted the United States’ territorial growth was uncertain at best. As I show in my book, Breakaway Americas: The Unmanifest Future of the Jacksonian United States , many Americans believed it was just as likely US borders would forever remain east of the Rocky Mountains and north of the Red River (today’s Oklahoma-Texas border). There was good reason for this prediction: the late Jacksonian United States was mired in economic depression, social disorder, and political dysfunction. While some Americans lamented the current state of the country from within its borders, others chose to leave the country entirely: for the Republic of Texas, for...Read More

Digital Philology Explores "Medieval Vulnerabilities"

by may | Friday, May 8, 2020 - 3:47 PM

Medieval Text

Digital Philology: A Journal of Medieval Cultures explores alternative modes of contact for medieval scholars, librarians, and archivists specializing in medieval studies and medieval texts, made possible by the emergence of digital resources and by engagement with the digital humanities. The latest issue, themed “ Medieval Vulnerabilities ”, uncovered a timely relevance to current events around the world. We sat down with journal Editor Deborah McGrady and Guest Editor Andreea Marculescu to find out more about this issue and the concept of vulnerability.

Q: For those that may not be familiar with Digital Philology , can you tell us about the journal’s focus?

DLM: Digital Philology is a term coined by one of the co-founders of the journal, Stephen G. Nichols, that recognizes the profound methodological and theoretical impact that the digital humanities have had on Medieval Studies and the journal is dedicated to fostering these new approaches to studying medieval languages, literatures, and cultures. Hence its important subtitle: A Journal of Medieval Cultures . I have been the Executive Editor for only one year, but as I carry on the legacy of the journal, I am struck by the...Read More

"Tree Story: The History of the World Written in Rings" Interview with Author Valerie Trouet and Editor Tiffany Gasbarrini

by eea | Monday, May 4, 2020 - 4:00 PM

Dr. Valerie Trouet, author of the new book Tree Story: The History of the World Written in Rings , was recently interviewed by Tiffany Gasbarrini, the book’s editor and the Senior Acquisitions Editor for Life Sciences at JHU Press. Their playful, wide-ranging discussion covers the fun side of dendrochronology and highlights of Trouet’s book, with a side of fried caterpillars.

Watch the interview on YouTube at this link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YAxEn4UONOY&feature=youtu.be

More about Tree Story :

Children around the world know that to tell how old a tree is, you count its rings. Few people, however, know that research into tree rings has also made amazing contributions to our understanding of Earth's climate history and its influences on human civilization over the past 2,000 years. In her captivating new book, Tree Story , Valerie Trouet reveals how the seemingly simple and relatively familiar concept of counting tree rings has inspired far-reaching scientific breakthroughs that illuminate the complex interactions between nature and people.

Trouet, a leading tree-ring scientist, takes us out into the field, from remote African villages to radioactive Russian forests, offering readers an insider's...Read More

JHU Press Journals Celebrate the Star Wars Universe

by may | Friday, May 1, 2020 - 4:33 PM

Every year on May 4th, fans of the Star Wars franchise observe “Star Wars Day”. The date, originally chosen as a play on words (“May the fourth be with you”) has become a worldwide celebration of the universe created by George Lucas and carried on through countless prequels, sequels, animated series, comics, literature, and art. Whether or not you’re a fan of the series, its influence on popular culture cannot be overstated. It is therefore not surprising that the movies’ plots, characters, and mythology have all made their way into many areas of academic research. Here is a sampling of journal articles from Johns Hopkins University Press that cite a galaxy far, far away...

Remembering and Restoring the Republic: Star Wars and Rome Classical World Volume 108, Number 2, Winter 2015

Shakespeare Aftershocks: Shylock Shakespeare Bulletin Volume 27, Number 4, Winter 2009

The Dark Side of Digitization portal: Libraries and the Academy Volume 7, Number 4, October 2007

From Death Rays to Light Sabers: Making Laser Weapons Surgically...Read More

The Opioid Fix: America's Addiction Crisis and the Solution They Don't Want You to Have

by eea | Friday, May 1, 2020 - 9:00 AM

I wrote The Opioid Fix: America’s Addiction Crisis and the Solution They Don’t Want You to Have for two reasons.

First, I wanted to bring to light the stories of people whose lives have changed through medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid addiction. These people, sometimes for the first time in decades, have reunited with family members, exited the criminal justice system, established stable living conditions, and started normal day-to-day activities (like working, cooking, taking care of children) instead of seeking drugs from sunup to sundown. I wanted to validate their stories, which twelve-step support groups had told them to keep quiet and criminal justice administrators had told them are not evidence of “real” recovery.

Second, I wanted to untangle the mess of legal, health service, and cultural barriers standing in the way of equitable, quality care with MAT. I already knew from decades of scientific research that MAT, especially methadone and buprenorphine, decrease morbidity and mortality. What I was less prepared for was the unwillingness of physicians to have “those kinds of patients” in their waiting rooms, the refusal of drug court judges and probation officers to believe that...Read More

Leviathan Celebrates Melville at 200

by may | Thursday, April 16, 2020 - 9:10 AM

Whale

2019 was a big year for Herman Mellville. Not only was it the 200th anniversary of Melville's birth, but also the 100th anniversary of the "Melville Revival" - the awakened attention to his work that began in 1919. To mark the double anniversary, the Herman Melville Society’s journal, Leviathan , dedicated four issues over an entire year to material submitted in response to the title “Melville at 200”. The issues included not only a wide array of literary scholarship, but beautiful full-color printing of artistic interpretations of Melville’s texts, and personal essays from scholars and conference attendees. As the final issue of the “Melville at 200” celebration went to press last month, we sat down with editors Samuel Otter and Brian Yothers to discuss the journal’s festive and remarkable year, and how the four commemorative issues came about.

Leviathan is the official journal of the Melville Society. The society website notes that the Melville Society “exceeds the boundaries of the typical single author society” – how so?

BY: Most notably, we are a strikingly international author society. We have substantial groups of members from Japan, the UK, France, Italy, Spain, and...Read More