JHU Press Blog

Five Steps to Treating Tinnitus

by krm | Thursday, June 29, 2017 - 6:00 AM

Many people with tinnitus (TIN-i-tus or tin-EYE-tus) describe a ringing in the ear although it may also sound like buzzing, humming or whooshing. These sounds do not come from an external source but are caused by an internal dysfunction of the auditory system. More than 30 million Americans report tinnitus and it can be severe in 5 to 10 million. Management of tinnitus may sometimes be confusing, but the vast majority of people with tinnitus can be successfully treated.

See an otolaryngologist, a physician specializing in disorders of the ear, to make absolutely sure that your tinnitus is not a symptom of a serious underlying disorder. Once you are certain that you are not at risk of an undiagnosed condition, you can relax and begin to deal with this bothersome symptom. The basics: reduce caffeine and stress. Both can make your tinnitus louder due to the effects of caffeine and stress hormones on neural activity. Exercise is great for stress and can improve your sleep. Avoid aspirin and NSAIDs, they can cause reversible tinnitus. Also be aware that some prescribed medications such as chemotherapy and some antibiotics and diuretics can affect tinnitus. Sound therapy...Read More

The Bison’s Legacy

by krm | Monday, June 26, 2017 - 9:06 AM

One year ago this May, President Obama signed the National Bison Legacy Act, naming the American bison as the country’s official national mammal. The following July, wildlife preservationist groups filed notice of their intent to sue the Department of the Interior in order to stop the annual slaughter of Yellowstone National Park’s wild bison. The park’s winter cull is mandated by the Interagency Bison Management Plan which calls for the maintenance of Yellowstone’s bison herd at about 3,000 individuals (out of estimated population of 5,500 in August 2016). The plan also requires the park to prevent those animals from straying into adjoining rangelands where they could potentially infect domestic cattle with the bacterial disease, brucellosis. Herd reductions are accomplished by hunting, capturing, and killing bison that migrate outside of the park in winter. Though the lawsuit to stop the annual slaughter was just the latest in a series of legal maneuvers launched by wildlife advocates seeking endangered species protections for the Yellowstone bison, the latest action seemed a particularly pointed rejoinder to the government’s entirely symbolic gesture of just two months earlier. At the end of the bison’s first year as the national mammal, over 1,200 of Yellowstone’s buffalo had...Read More

HHT Global Awareness Day

by krm | Friday, June 23, 2017 - 6:00 AM

Today is June 23, 2017 and it’s HHT Global Awareness Day ! As a person who has HHT disease and the author of a new book called Living with HHT , I’m excited to be part of this special day devoted to HHT awareness—and I hope my book will contribute to HHT awareness every day. If you’re like most people, you’re probably asking, what in the world is HHT? That’s because most people, including most doctors, have never heard of HHT. In fact, most people who have HHT don’t know that they have it! Which is precisely why awareness is critical to identifying and treating people who have this uncommon, but not-so-rare disease.

So what is it? HHT (Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia) is a genetic blood vessel disorder, affecting approximately 1 in 5000 people, or 1.4 million people worldwide. HHT occurs in all ethnic and racial groups, and affects both men and women. If someone has HHT, each of their children has a 50% chance of inheriting the disease, which is caused by a mutation in one of several genes involved in blood vessel development. HHT results in some...Read More

Agricultural Partnerships Paying Off for Libraries

by bjs | Thursday, June 22, 2017 - 1:00 PM

In 1990, Library Trends dedicated a special issue to the topic of libraries and agricultural information. After almost three decades, the journal revisited the topic in the third issue of the current volume .

Guest editors Sarah C. Williams and Christine D’Arpa, both from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, pulled together a collection of 11 essays which highlight the changes in agricultural information work, especially in regards to the cooperative or collaborative nature of the field.

Williams and D’Arpa joined us for a Q&A about the issue.

The last time Library Trends focused on agricultural libraries and information was 1990. What spurred you to take a new look at the topic?

Sarah: Chris approached me with the idea of revisiting agricultural information work in a new issue of Library Trends . Knowing there had been so many developments in this field since 1990, I was immediately excited by the idea of highlighting some of these developments in a special issue. The broad readership of Library Trends was especially appealing to me, because other information professionals might be introduced to important efforts related to agricultural...Read More

Behind the Book: Dr. Thomas J. Balkany On 'The Ear Book'

by krm | Thursday, June 22, 2017 - 6:00 AM

Despite increased awareness, the human ear continues to be assaulted with ever higher levels of noise. The inevitable consequence of this is hearing loss. The consequences of hearing loss to an individual and society are substantial. The treatment of hearing loss is therefore of paramount importance in modern society. As our population continues to shift towards higher ages, this becomes even more important.

One of the more surprising findings was that a link between hearing loss and dementia appears to exist. Whether this link is causal or merely an association is an intense area of study. Regardless, it now becomes of increased importance to maximize an individual's communication capabilities as they age.

We wrote The Ear Book: A Complete Guide to Ear Disorders as a means to introduce the complexities of ear function and disease to patients and parents struggling to understand what is affecting them or their children. In the busy clinical practice of today's ear doctors, incomplete understanding of a patient's condition may occur as both patient and practitioner feel the pressure of time. We hope this book can supplement a patient's understanding.

Five...Read More

Buy Buttons Revisited

by krm | Wednesday, June 21, 2017 - 6:00 AM

In March , I wrote about Amazon Buy Buttons and how we had started noticing used copies pushed as the first buying option. This has also been noticed by other publishers in the book industry, with Publishers Weekly , Shelf Awareness , The Huffington Post , The New Republic , Publishing Perspective , Vox , Cnet , and others covering the story.

Amazon has always offered used copies for sale, so what is different?

Buy Button Changes

Until March, buy buttons for in-print and available titles defaulted to buying options where the books were sourced from the publisher – directly or indirectly (meaning new copies sourced from a distributor or a wholesaler). Publishers provided Amazon with a discount, with Amazon and publishers hopefully each making a profit, from which the publisher paid the author(s) royalties.

Note in the example above that the new copy “ships from and [is] sold by Amazon.com.” Used copies (of this very new book) are available, but you have to go to the used copy options to see them.

Now when you search...Read More

Hurricane Season Playlist

by krm | Monday, June 19, 2017 - 3:00 PM

It’s June, and hurricane season has begun in the Atlantic region. Drawing on the discography of my recent book, Cultivation and Catastrophe: The Lyric Ecology of Modern Black Poetry , this blog post offers a disaster playlist to get you through these stormy months. (You can also listen to the entire Hurricane Season Playlist here: Hurricane Music )

Hurricane Katrina revealed the powerful connection between racial and environmental injustice and revealed, too, the potential for art to respond to that destructive intersection. This potential has a long history in black literature. From Zora Neale Hurston’s fictional narrative of the 1928 Florida hurricane to Shelton “Shakespear” Alexander’s poetry recitation before the gates of St. Vincent De Pau Cemetery in Spike Lee’s When the Levees Broke (2006) , black writers have responded to environmental experience and ecological change, and to the experiences of historical rupture (catastrophe) and cultural continuity (cultivation) that are part of living in the natural world.

While researching the book I uncovered a parallel archive of black diasporic music that responds to environmental disaster, the recordings and transcriptions of which constitute both a history of environmental catastrophe in the U.S. and...Read More

Celebrating Bloomsday

by bjs | Friday, June 16, 2017 - 10:06 AM

Today is Bloomsday, a commemoration of the life of Irish writer James Joyce. Today will feature celebrations of the events of his novel Ulysses , which was set on June 16.

Earlier this year, Bryony Randall , a lecturer in English Literature at the University of Glasgow, took a close look at the the history of novels which focused on the action of just a single day, like Ulysses . Her essay was published in the journal New Literary History , and she joined our podcast series to discuss her essay and just what makes the one-day novel a draw for some people.

Read More

Antiquated Power Play

by bjs | Thursday, June 8, 2017 - 6:00 AM

In late 2016, the Journal of Late Antiquity published a special issue on "Landholding and Power in Late Antiquity." The six articles in the issue covered a wide swath of topics on what journal editor Noel Lenski called "a subject of tremendous importance in all periods of antiquity." Lenski joined us for a Q&A to look closer at the subject.

The idea of "land holding and power" has played a role in society forever. How important is it to look back on the topic through history to help us in today's world?

If we accept the Marxian notion that human history is fundamentally the story of the distribution of material resources, there could be no more important subject than landholding and power. This applies whether we focus on the unequal distribution of real estate in today’s highly technologized urban environments or the control of landed resources in the late ancient countryside.

Just as Manhattan, San Francisco, London or Shanghai represent loci of value and sites of economic competition in the contemporary economy, so too the landed estates of Lower Egypt, central Italy or Asia Minor generated the capital as well...Read More

“More Likely to be Attacked Than Honored”: Changing the Way We Remember Black Soldiers

by krm | Tuesday, June 6, 2017 - 6:00 AM

On Veterans’ Day last year, the Equal Justice Initiative released a new report, “Lynching in America: Targeting Black Veterans,” that says, between 1877 and 1950, “no one was more at risk of experiencing violence and targeted racial terror than black veterans.” [1] The report supplemented the organization’s 2015 report, “Lynching in America,” that documented 4,075 lynchings, which is 800 more than any previous tally. Although historians have noted that white supremacists disproportionately targeted black veterans for assault and murder, the subject has never been examined so comprehensively. Thousands of black veterans were assaulted, lynched, or threatened. Bryan Stevenson, the founder and director of the Equal Justice Initiative, said in an interview that the report should change the way we remember black veterans. “We do so much in this country to celebrate and honor folks who risk their lives on the battlefield,” Stevenson said, “but we don’t remember that black veterans were more likely to be attacked for their service than honored for it.” [2]

As sobering as his comment is, Stevenson left out black soldiers who were violently assaulted, unfairly punished, or disproportionately among...Read More