JHU Press Blog

Alcoholism and COVID-19

by eea | Wednesday, July 15, 2020 - 4:00 PM

By Michael S. Levy, Ph.D. An alcohol use disorder is often referred to as a chronic relapsing illness. Especially among people who have recently achieved abstinence, it is not uncommon for a person to start drinking again. To avoid a relapse, individuals learn about their triggers, or the things that could lead them to drink again. They learn how to cope with their triggers in healthy ways, or even to avoid them completely when possible. Triggers can include people, places, things, thoughts, and feelings. While reasons for relapse are unique to each person, we have learned much about triggers and some are quite common. The COVID-19 pandemic has created multiple stresses and alterations in all our lives. Unfortunately, many of the changes caused by this pandemic align with some of the well-known triggers that can lead to a relapse. If people can be prepared, the chance of a relapse will be lessened. In this article, I want to share how the COVID-19 pandemic could impact a person’s recovery as well as to offer advice regarding healthy ways to cope with these potential triggers. Disruption of Ongoing Treatment Before even reviewing triggers, due to social distancing guidelines, many therapists have begun...Read More

Wellbeing for Teens and Kids in the Time of COVID-19

by eea | Monday, July 13, 2020 - 4:00 PM

By Kathleen Trainor, PsyD Children all over the country went to school one day, only to be told they were not going back the next. With no preparation, lockers were left full of books, musical instruments abandoned in classrooms, and all sports, school plays, concerts, and after school activities cancelled. Teens left their friends at the end of the school day with weekend plans in place, not knowing they wouldn’t see their friends for many weeks. This began life in quarantine for kids and teens, all due to an invisible virus with a strange name called COVID-19. The super busy day to day life of being a kid in America came to a sudden, unexpected halt. Parents suddenly stayed home all day, making everything in life seem upside down. After the initial shock, and days became weeks of quarantine, most kids and parents have adjusted somewhat to the change. Some things are positive for kids. More free time, more sleep, healthier meals, more family time, less stress. Kid’s chronic headaches, stomach aches, and bags under the eyes have magically disappeared. Family pets are also very happy to have so much attention! Staying Well For Teens The fact that this change...Read More

The Morehouse Model: How One School of Medicine Revolutionized Community Engagement and Health Equity

by eea | Friday, July 10, 2020 - 4:00 PM

This book was written to address the literature and practice gap on effective community engagement strategies in underserved metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural communities, especially in African American communities. The Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) model of community engagement is an integrated framework based on social science principles and real-time lessons learned. This book, The Morehouse Model , takes you behind the scenes to unfold how integrated strategies from varied health promotion and prevention programs and community-based participatory research contributed to MSM’s preeminence in leading the creation and advancement of health equity. The institution’s global leadership in prioritizing and sustaining community engagement through its number one ranking (among 154 medical schools) in social mission warranted a comprehensive anthology of how this reputation was built, exemplified, and has been scaled over time. The details in this work provide a guiding compass illustrated through a model, case studies, and lessons learned that other academic health centers and health equity proponents may emulate and adapt within their own contexts. The academic authors have long valued the significance of community intelligence for solving health concerns in concert with communities. The model uses a population science approach to reach the hard-to-reach marginalized and...Read More

Living with Diabetes during the COVID-19 Pandemic

by eea | Thursday, July 9, 2020 - 4:00 PM

By Michael W. Quartuccio, MD Over 10% of the United States population has diabetes [1] . Long-term consequences of poorly managed diabetes include visual impairment, kidney failure, amputations, and a higher risk of heart disease or stroke. However, in the short term, poorly managed diabetes may impact the body’s response to a viral illness. Though the mechanism is not completely understood, high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) may result in a dysfunctional immune response to infection. This can lead to a more serious illness with infections than in those without diabetes. Using the example of the H1N1 influenza pandemic of 2009-10, studies showed that those with diabetes were 3 times more likely to be hospitalized and 4 times more likely to be admitted to an intensive care unit than those without diabetes [2] . This increased risk is especially important to consider during the COVID-19 pandemic. Risk of/Severity of COVID-19 infection Early data from China suggest that those with diabetes are likely not at higher risk of contracting COVID-19, but are at a higher risk of worse outcomes [3] ,...Read More

Artifacts – Q&A with author Crystal Lake

by eea | Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 4:00 PM

Why did you decide to write Artifacts: How We Think and Write about Found Objects ? Until I went to college in 1997, I lived in a log cabin that my parents had built on a spot of land owned by my great grandparents, tucked by the side of a desolate dirt road in southern West Virginia. Family hand-me-downs along with the detritus of a dwindling rural community seemed to accumulate in our cabin; my dad, especially, liked to keep and collect old things. Sometimes, I’ve felt like I grew up in some version of the 1700s, and no doubt my own past helped endear me to the study of history and the stories that its objects might tell. In 2011, I visited the library at the Society of Antiquaries in London and got a chance also to poke around in their museum. On the top floor of Burlington House, behind a plain door with a modest plaque that read simply “MUSEUM,” there was a small room where a dusty glass cabinet ran alongside one wall and floor-to-ceiling shelves teetered on the other side stuffed full of thousands of items that had been donated to the Society...Read More

Implications of the Coronavirus for Children

by eea | Tuesday, July 7, 2020 - 4:00 PM

By Edward Bell, PharmD, BCPS Professor of Pharmacy Practice, Drake University College of Pharmacy, Des Moines Iowa Author, Children’s Medicines: What Every Parent, Grandparent, and Teacher Needs to Know (Johns Hopkins Press Health) What Symptoms Does Coronavirus Cause, and are They Different in Children and Adults? Coronavirus is spread among people primarily through the respiratory tract, by coughing, sneezing, and even talking. This is the reason for “6-foot social distancing.” The coronavirus can stay viable (“alive”) on various surfaces, such as door handles or grocery carts for a brief time, although it is not yet known how long. This is why it is best to wash one’s hands often, especially when making trips to a grocery store or a pharmacy for needed items. Symptoms of COVID-19 infection and disease are relatively similar to other respiratory tract infections, with common symptoms of cough, nasal congestion, runny nose, fever, and sore throat. It is possible that some children and adults can be infected with the COVID-19 virus, yet they do not demonstrate any symptoms of infection. New data from COVID-19 cases in China and the US demonstrate that symptoms in children tend to be milder, overall, as compared with...Read More

Managing Depression during the Coronavirus Crisis

by eea | Wednesday, July 1, 2020 - 5:00 PM

By Susan J. Noonan MD, MPH

The COVID-19 worldwide health crisis has had a major impact on us medically, socially, and economically, with significant disruption to our lives and daily routines. It is a cause of monumental stress, newfound fear, and anxiety in many, including:

fear of the unknown; fear of contracting the virus ourselves and in loved ones, with uncertain and potentially fatal outcomes; concerns about insufficient access to both routine and urgent health care, treatments, procedures, medications, and resources; loneliness due to social isolation and physical separation; fear and anxiety related to erratic changes in our economy, job losses, and diminishing personal financial resources.

The nearly continuous media coverage magnifies our fears, especially when varied, uncertain, rapidly changing, or contradictory information is circulated.

These concerns are more profound in the approximately 25 million adults and adolescents in the United States who experience a mood disorder such as depression or bipolar disorder each year. Most of the life changes that accompany the COVID-19 crisis have a negative effect on depression, our ability to manage it, and the stabilizing factors in our lives that support our emotional health. They include:...Read More

The Reach of a Long-Arm Stapler: An interview with Elvia Arroyo-Ramirez

by may | Tuesday, June 30, 2020 - 1:57 PM

Long-Arm Stapler

The Summer 2018 issue of the journal Library Trends includes The Reach of a Long-Arm Stapler: Calling in Microaggressions in the LIS Field through Zine Work . The paper, by Elvia Arroyo-Ramirez, Rose L. Chou, Jenna Freedman, Simone Fujita, and Cynthia Mari Orozco, is an examination of a unique participatory project that was started in 2014 by colleagues in the library and information sciences (LIS) community. The LIS Microaggressions project began as a crowd-sourced community website, and grew into several issues of a printed zine. The site and subsequent zine were created as a space for library workers, particularly women and people of color, to speak to their experiences of microaggressions in the workplace, and to bring those voices together in a shared, collective space. We are grateful to Elvia Arroyo-Ramirez for taking time to discuss the project and paper in more detail with JHU Press.

How did your academic journey bring you to Library Information Sciences? What drew you to library science?

As an undergraduate at UCLA, I had a work-study student position in the Performing Arts Special Collections (now Library Special Collections). I was a third-year, and...Read More

Dementia Care and Communication during the Coronavirus Pandemic

by eea | Monday, June 29, 2020 - 3:00 PM

By Rachael Wonderlin, MS

Special thanks to Michelle Tristani from Benchmark Senior Living

Communicating with people living with dementia is never an easy task: for many families, it’s the hardest thing they do on a regular basis. Concerned with how to answer challenging questions from an aging loved one (“Where are my parents?”) to coping with repetitive phrases or requests, family caregivers are often unsure of exactly what words to use or even what tone to use.

Enter: COVID-19. In a time where our world seems overrun by stress and uncertainty, comes even more stress and uncertainty for families who have loved ones living with dementia. How can you best communicate with a loved one if their senior care community is shut down due to coronavirus concerns? How can you visit? What do you say to a loved one who may be experiencing anxiety, but may not be able to understand exactly what’s happening around them?

Put simply, here’s the key: we don’t want to add our own anxiety into the mix.

...Read More

Possible Implications of the Novel Coronavirus for Mood Disorders

by eea | Friday, June 26, 2020 - 5:00 PM

By Merry Noel Miller, M.D.

Feelings of anxiety, despair, and even suicidal thoughts may increase during the current pandemic. These feelings are especially likely to develop among those who are more vulnerable due to a mood disorder. Some will feel new, intense sadness and difficulty functioning. Others who already experienced depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder find their conditions worsening at this time.

We are all being told to “socially distance” ourselves, and some are being told to go into quarantine. This leads to a level of social isolation that can be overwhelming for some. The news is dire on every network. Many people have lost their jobs and may be panicking about how to make ends meet. Job loss may bring with it the loss of identity, routine, and social network.

We may be unable to access our usual sources of support. The social distancing rules keep us from experiencing in person the daily conversations with friends and acquaintances that often give meaning to our lives. Our normal lifestyles have been disrupted, including having children at home all day. Frayed nerves can lead to increased conflict. Families who are not used...Read More