JHU Press Blog
by eea | Monday, April 22, 2019 - 12:00 PM
April 22 (1899) is the birthday of Vladmir Nabokov, the Russian-American author who died in 1977 and is most remembered for his controversial novel Lolita . What is extraordinary–Jerry Griswold suggests in this edited excerpt from his Audacious Kids: The Classic American Children’s Story –is how Nabokov’s salacious story echoes an American childhood classic.
Kate Douglas Wiggin’s Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1903) often seems to resemble Vladmir Nabokov's Lolita (1955). Adam Ladd (who is thirty-two) has a keen interest in the fourteen-year-old Rebecca, not unlike the middle-aged Humbert Humbert who is fascinated with the twelve-year-old Lolita. Explaining his predilection, Humbert uses the term "nymphets" (“girls between the age limits of nine and fourteen") and observes, "There must be a gap of several years, never less than ten between maiden and man to enable the latter to come under a nymphet's spell." Mr. Ladd would agree. As he says, he prefers the "beginnings of ladies to the grown kind.”
Still, there is a major difference between the earlier book and its counterpart published some fifty years later: Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm reads like Lolita without sex. Unlike Humbert, Mr. Ladd's fascination with Rebecca...Read More
by eea | Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 12:00 PM
Mollusks, which include mussels, clams, octopus, squid, chitons, snails, slugs, and a few less familiar groups, are the second most diverse animal phylum (arthropods are number one, which includes the hyper-diverse class of insects). Estimates of the total number of living species range from 50,000 to 200,000 with the most likely numbers being somewhere closer, or even over, 200,000 described and undescribed species. Mollusks evolved in a marine environment over 500 million years ago and two groups – the bivalves and gastropods – have representatives who at various times in the past have invaded (and for some) radiated in land and freshwater ecosystems. There are over 5,000 species of freshwater mollusks in 34 gastropod families and 9 primary bivalve families.
In the past, if someone wanted to learn about a particular freshwater family of mollusk, you had to search the primary literature in a variety of books or journals on a wide range of topics to get an appreciation for what studies had been done and what possibly needed to be done. After years of studying mollusks, we agreed that a single, definitive source was needed for professionals, students, and amateurs who wished to learn more about freshwater mollusk...Read More
by bjs | Friday, April 12, 2019 - 11:00 AM
Public health officials across the United States find themselves grappling with a surge in cases of the measles. New York City has declared a public health emergency, and the Centers for Disease Control have confirmed more cases in the first 14 weeks of 2019 than in all of 2018.
Over the years, JHUP journals have taken a look at the disease from a variety of perspectives, especially looking at its return since it was declared eliminated in the U.S. in 2000.
Here is a small sampling of JHUP journals content on measles available on Project MUSE. All of these articles will be available free through the end of April 2019:Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics published an issue called " To Vaccinate or Not?: Parents’ Stories " in 2016. The issue features narrative essays covering many aspects of the topic A 2013 article in the Bulletin of the History of Medicine by Elena Conis tackled " A Mother's Responsibility: Women, Medicine, and the Rise of Contemporary Vaccine Skepticism in the United States " Heidi Malm's essay " Immigration Justice and the Grounds for Mandatory Vaccinations "...Read More
by eea | Wednesday, April 10, 2019 - 12:00 PM
By the time of publication of the first edition of Governing Health: The Politics of Health Policy in 1996, the possibility of national health care reform – which had not long before seemed so bright – had severely dimmed. The Clinton Administration’s proposed comprehensive health plan—perhaps too comprehensive—had been found dead on arrival. Though Democrats controlled Congress, the plan failed in its first committee. And the defeat led to an election debacle for the party. Republicans took over both houses for the first time in 40 years—and they were not at all interested in health reform.
Governing Health chronicled that failure and more successful health policies in a book designed to provide a longitudinal view of policymaking that constitutes governing health. It’s an evolving process. In four subsequent volumes, the emergence of the Children’s Health Insurance Program, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, the massive cuts to Medicare and Medicaid that led to the only balanced US budget in the century, a new Part D drug coverage for Medicare, a new payment system for Medicare physicians tying payment to performance, and state policy innovations relating to Medicaid marijuana, the...Read More
by eea | Monday, April 8, 2019 - 12:00 PM
Over the past year, I have issued short descriptions of the topics covered in How University Boards Work: A Guide for Trustees, Officers, and Leaders in Higher Education . In this post, I summarize the role of the Investment Committee.
The institutional Investment Committee, like the Finance Committee, should include at least a couple of members who are professionally competent in the subject matter. Nevertheless, it is often beneficial to have members who will ask “naive” questions about topics that professionals take for granted.
While the Finance Committee enjoys full committee status, the Investment Committee is sometimes a sub-committee to the Finance Committee. Under this arrangement, the Finance Committee deals with investment policies, procedures, and guidelines, including ethical issues and a spending policy, as part of its portfolio. Nevertheless, most Investment Committees will have independent committee status and be guided by a Charter drawn from the institution’s by-laws.
In addition to some professionally competent members, the institution will probably engage a consulting firm that will manage the relationships with the various fund managers. A university or college might have a different manager for each type of investment, including (1) equities,...Read More
by eea | Friday, April 5, 2019 - 12:00 PM
From 10 years of age, I have held an abiding passion for natural history, especially birds. Much of my youth was spent roving woodlands, wetlands, moorlands, and coastlines observing wildlife and enjoying the constant surprises and delights nature has to offer. My education allowed my hobby to morph into what was to become my profession––ecology and the environmental sciences. This led to my conducting research on aquatic habitats and environmental management and joining international organizations where I observed the world’s natural wonders and, sadly, their degradation. At the same time, I was presented with unique opportunities to apply my knowledge to conserving natural habitats and their biodiversity.
While in the Philippines, I co-authored Birds of the Philippines and later The Philippines: A Natural History . Few places are richer in biological diversity, but none so endangered. My work allowed me to understand the threats and organize attempts to staunch the alarming loss of the archipelago’s spectacular ecosystems and flora and fauna through the creation of protected areas.
Since retirement, I have been supporting efforts in Maryland to conserve bird populations and their habitats––frequently working with state and national bird conservation organizations. An interest in tracking the seasons...Read More
by bjs | Thursday, April 4, 2019 - 10:00 AM
Earlier this year, Shakespeare Bulletin editor Kathryn Prince moved from the University of Ottawa to the University of Western Australia, where the journal's editorial offices will be housed the Centre for Medieval and Early Modern Studies. Prince joined us for a Q&A about her move as well as updates on the quarterly journal.
You have made a big transition from Ottawa to Australia while continuing to lead Shakespeare Bulletin . What has that been like?
Our biggest challenge at the moment is language. Shakespeare Bulletin follows the conventions of American spelling, but I’m a Canadian based in Australia, the book reviews and performance reviews editors (Sarah Dustagheer and Peter Kirwan) are based in the UK, our contributors hail from wherever English is spoken, and we’re all focused on an English playwright whose spelling is anything but conventional. My wonderful French-Canadian editorial assistant Anne Sophie Voyer submitted her PhD and began a full-time job just as I was leaving Canada, so I’m currently in the process of recruiting an Australian editorial assistant willing to become fluent in American. When all the -re/-er, our/or, and –ise/-ize words start...Read More
by eea | Wednesday, April 3, 2019 - 12:00 PM
Shakespeare collector Henry Clay Folger and President Calvin Coolidge were 6th cousins, once removed; surely they never knew it. They both graduated with a B. A. degree from Amherst College in Amherst, Massachusetts ; Folger in 1879, Coolidge in 1895. They would not have met at college reunions, held every five years, because they were not in the same cycle. They were not in the same college fraternity. They may never have met.
Photo 1: Henry Folger oil portrait by Frank O. Salisbury, 1927, hanging in the reading room at the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, D.C.
They each enjoyed the friendship of an Amherst classmate who would become well-known. Henry’s roommate for four years was Charles Millard Pratt , also from Brooklyn, who became vice-president of Standard Oil Company of Kentucky while Henry was president of Standard Oil Company of New York. Calvin’s classmate was Dwight Morrow, attorney at J. P. Morgan and Ambassador to Mexico. After Henry Folger died in 1930, the terms of his will became known whereby the Amherst College trustees would administer the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, D.C. When the first chairman of the trustees’...Read More
by bjs | Monday, April 1, 2019 - 10:00 AM
Earlier this year, a trio of European academics brought together a collection of papers for a special forum in Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas . " Narrating Selves from the Bible to Social Media " built off of philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre's reflections on self-narration and resulted in essays which emphasize a degree of creativity when people tell their life stories as well as highlighting the role of the everyday and the media through which selves are portrayed. Matti Hyvärinen (Tampere University), Mari Hatavara (Tampere University) and Jarmila Mildorf (University of Paderborn) joined us for a Q&A about the issue.
How did you come to use Alasdair MacIntyre as the point of reference for the introduction to the issue?
MacIntyre was one of the first to introduce and theorize narrative identity. He was either followed or harshly criticized over the 1980s and 90s. He has been the iconic adherent of the idea of narrative coherence & narrative as the provider of the coherence of the self. By contrasting the current contributions to MacIntyre’s work we were able to concretize the huge change in narrative...Read More
by eea | Friday, March 29, 2019 - 12:00 PM
When I started writing Manufacturing Advantage: War, the State, and the Origins of American Industry, 1776–1848 , it had nothing to do with manufacturing. It actually started as a study of piracy and US-Spanish relations during the Latin American independence wars. I had started researching US shipping claims against the Spanish government, while at the same time becoming more interested in the relationship between business and state power. I discovered that one particular group of Boston merchants received a big chunk of federal funds as a result of the settlement of these claims. These same merchants were simultaneously developing the nation’s first fully integrated textile mills in eastern Massachusetts and were able to funnel the capital from the claims settlements into factory development. I began to wonder how else they might have benefitted from state support—whether directly or indirectly. I also became interested in US-South American trade. I had seen references to dyestuffs and hides being imported from South America, and finished goods being exported there as early as the 1820s.
Ultimately, I came to study manufacturing—specifically the arms and textile industries—through diplomatic papers. The richest source was the consular dispatches, which are letters, pamphlets, and...Read More