JHU Press Blog
by eea | Thursday, April 8, 2021 - 4:00 PMWhen I started as a 911 paramedic on the streets of Hartford, Connecticut over twenty-five years ago, I believed drug users were victims of their own character flaws. They lacked personal responsibility and their behavior was criminal. Keep using drugs, I’d tell them, and you will end up dead or in jail, which many of them did.
Today, my views on drug users are different. As the overdoses escalated, I began asking my patients how they got started on their perilous journeys. While no two tales were the same, they shared unremitting similarities. I heard the phrase over and over “I used to be a normal person once.”
Emily was a cheerleader who broke her back when her teammates dropped her. Chloe, abandoned by her heroin user mother as a child, tried heroin herself to find out what made her mother love heroin more than her. Tom volunteered for the armed forces the day after 9-11 and returned from Iraq with a purple heart and a terrible addiction to pain pills.
by eea | Tuesday, April 6, 2021 - 4:00 PMAs urban economists, we are interested in everything that affects the economic well-being of people, businesses, and neighborhoods in cities. Cities are exciting and dynamic places where diverse groups of people benefit from close interaction. However, cities can simultaneously have negative side effects for residents and businesses. Children can be exposed to lead paint in old houses, which affects their cognitive reasoning and contributes to worse performance in school, and increases the chance of being involved in violent crime. Traffic congestion and the separation of places of residence from places with good jobs can make finding gainful employment a challenge. Old, post-industrial cities such as Baltimore, Detroit, and St. Louis have additional challenges with decades of population and job loss combined with the environmental legacy of former industrial sites. In all of these contexts, there is a pressing need to identify the right investment that can attenuate these ill effects and is feasible to implement. In our new book, Unlocking the Potential of Post-Industrial Cities, we explore the challenges faced by the six post-industrial cities of Baltimore, Cleveland, Detroit,...Read More
by may | Friday, April 2, 2021 - 8:53 AM
Two distinguished journals have joined the Johns Hopkins University Press scholarly publishing roster. The addition of the Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (GJIA) and The Yale Review brings the total collection of journals published by JHU Press to 101.
The Yale Review, founded in 1819, is the oldest literary quarterly in the United States. It publishes new works by the most distinguished contemporary writers, explores the broader movements in American thought, science, and culture, and...Read More
by eea | Thursday, April 1, 2021 - 3:00 PMBetween 1945 and 1991, dozens of American and Soviet journalists moved to the capital cities of Communism and Capitalism to report on the rival superpower. They wanted to understand a country that appeared to stand against everything that they held dear and explain that country to their readers. They spent years living abroad, travelled around, made friends, read the local newspapers, went to the movies, shopped, took their kids to the playground, and wrote about these experiences for audiences back home. In an era of closed borders, the reports of foreign correspondents were the nearest readers could come to actual visits to Moscow or New York City. Ordinary people, pundits, and policymakers on both sides came to see the Soviet Union or the United States through the eyes of these journalists.
My first encounter with these protagonists was through the books that American and Soviet journalists wrote at the end of their assignments. These were detailed accounts, where journalists provided rich descriptions of the Soviet Union or the United States and talked about their personal and professional experiences. The books were peppered...Read More
by eea | Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 3:00 PMWhat is new about Sovereign Skies that sets it apart from other books in the field?
While this is not the first book to address the early development of civil aviation policy in the United States, it is the first to demonstrate the central role that international influences played in that process. The underlying question of government’s relationship to the airplane revolved around its relationship to sovereignty—for the United States this meant determining the division of regulatory authority between individual states and the federal government as well as how American aircraft could safely and effectively operate internationally. By giving both the domestic and the international aspects of the issue equal weight, this book emphasizes the ways in which certain “borderless” technologies can prompt a blending of these two policy spheres. In doing so, it transforms the initial extension of federal control over the atmosphere from a purely domestic tale into a “U.S. in the world” story.
What was the most surprising thing...Read More
by eea | Thursday, March 25, 2021 - 4:00 PMAlthough most people think of the fossil world in shades of drab duns, browns, and blacks, it is actually sometimes very excitingly colorful. Dinosaur eggs, for example, can shimmer blue-green, while fossil leaves can sport vivid verdant hues. In these two cases, the colors of the fossils are not a result of degradation or mineralization, but come from the preservation of biological pigments originating from once-living, now-extinct organisms. In fact, the pigments responsible for blue-green eggs and green fossil leaves derive from the same group of compounds, the porphyrins. The color of blue-green eggshells arises from the heme biosynthesis pathway, the best-known molecule of which is hemoglobin, the oxygen transporter in blood. The green color still present in some fossil leaves results from the breakdown of ancient chlorophyll, the light-absorbing pigment responsible for photosynthesis. The major difference is that the heme molecule centers around an iron atom, while the chlorophyll molecule surrounds a magnesium atom.
To me, not only is it amazing that such similar molecules that are so essential for life evolved in the wildly divergent plant and animal kingdoms, it is...Read More
by eea | Tuesday, March 23, 2021 - 4:00 PMCovid-19 is having a devastating effect on the US population. It has been estimated that the virus has affected 8.7% of the population. It is headline news on every media outlet. Sexual assaults affect an estimated 20% of the female population on college campuses yet the amount of media attention is limited except when there is a major occurrence such as in the Duke Lacrosse or Baylor football scandals. The effects of these assaults are devastating for the victims, accused perpetrators, and institutions. Ending Sexual Violence in College was written to address this problem.
In 2015 in the United States, 321,500 people 12 or older were sexually assaulted or raped in the United States (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2014). That’s one every 98 seconds. Approximately 91% of these sexual assaults were committed against women (Rennison, 2002), and 54 % were perpetrated against women between the age of 18 and 34. One in every five women will be the victim of an attempted or completed rape; that number for men is one in seventy-one (Black, Basile, Breiding, Smith, Walters, Merrick, Chen...Read More
by eea | Thursday, March 18, 2021 - 4:00 PMHavoc and Reform: Workplace Disasters in Modern America arose organically from my previous book, Vegas at Odds: Labor Conflict in a Leisure Economy, 1960-1985 (both published by Johns Hopkins). I was working on the latter project, reading old newspapers on a microfilm machine, when I came across photographs of the 1980 MGM Grand Hotel fire, a towering inferno that claimed eighty-five lives. The photos showed the MGM engulfed in thick black smoke, and heavy damage to the resort’s casino, hotel rooms, and dining areas. The fire, I figured, must have displaced a huge workforce. The MGM was among the world’s largest and most luxurious resorts. It operated on a 24-hour basis, seven days a week. Even if the fire had only killed a few of its employees, as proved to be the case, I assumed this was a workplace disaster. Or was it?
The literature on workplace disasters in American history generally suggests that these events occurred in the more distant past,...Read More
by eea | Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 4:00 PMAll caregivers have defining moments in their journey that open their minds and hearts to dementia. For me, that was experiencing the tragic story of the caregiver, Peggy.
Because she was dutifully doing what she had always done, loving her husband through sickness in health, she never opened up to others about just how much care her husband Jack was receiving. As is true with many caregivers, she received many offers of help throughout the years from family, neighbors, and friends, but never accepted it. Eventually, her life ended as a result.
Her story hits home and I carry it in my heart because Peggy was my mother and was caring for my father, Jack. While I often think about how I wish I could have reached Peggy before it was too late, she continues to be my gentle teacher and an ever-present reminder that selfless caregivers will take on too much, sometimes to honor vows or feelings of responsibility, often pushing beyond their own capabilities until it’s too late.
by eea | Thursday, March 11, 2021 - 4:00 PMI am a clinical psychologist who has worked with individuals who struggle with alcohol for over 35 years. Over the years, I discovered that how I was originally trained to work with people who suffer from alcohol use, while valid and useful for many, was not true and helpful for everyone. I also found that how I was first taught to work with people who suffered from their use of alcohol even turned some away from getting the help they needed. And to this day, there are many people who work in the field who still adhere to principles of care that in my opinion, are not useful for everyone who struggles with their use of alcohol.
As I learned more about the nature of alcohol problems and looked closely at the most current research, I began to shift my approach. By doing so, I found that I was able to engage more people into looking at and addressing their use of alcohol, and that I was able to aid more people. As I gained confidence, I decided to write a book, ...Read More