JHU Press Blog

The Breast Reconstruction Guidebook

by krm | Thursday, September 21, 2017 - 6:00 AM

The following is an excerpt from Kathy Steligo's The Breast Reconstruction Guidebook , now in its fourth edition.

If you’re facing mastectomy to treat or prevent breast cancer, you have a lot of decisions before you. Will you keep a flat chest after surgery, wear temporary breast prostheses, or have your breasts reconstructed? If you do want to have breast reconstruction, is your priority to have the shortest procedure with the quickest recovery or to pursue a method that will give you the most natural breasts possible? Does keeping your own nipples and areolae appeal to you? Do you have quite a bit of excess fat that you’d like to be rid of in the process?

Plastic surgeons have been recreating breasts for decades. Technological innovation and surgical improvements in the 15 years since The Breast Reconstruction Guidebook was first published now make reconstructive results with breast implants or your own tissue better than ever. If you’re interested in breast implants, you might choose cohesive silicone gel “gummy bears” that retain their shape and feel more like breast tissue. If you’d like to avoid the traditional method of tissue expansion that...Read More

A Decade of Community Research

by bjs | Monday, September 18, 2017 - 6:00 AM

In February 2007, the Johns Hopkins University Press published the first issue of a new journal dedicated to partnerships between academic health institutions and the communities surrounding them. Progress in Community Health Partnerships recently celebrated 10 years of publication dedicated to publishing research which will "improve the health of our communities." In the first issue of the 11th volume earlier this year, a pair of articles took a look at the lessons learned over the first decade of publication. Associate Editors Milton “Mickey” Eder, PhD and Suzanne Grieb, PhD, MSPH worked together on a Q&A to dicsuss this important milestone in the journal's history.

What does it mean to reach this 10-year milestone?

First, we recognize this 10 year milestone of exploration into community-based participatory research (CBPR) and acknowledge this accomplishment. Looking back at the journal’s publications, we can find many examples illustrating the importance of collaboration and partnership for connecting research, education, and action. We see clear indications that successful partnerships require dialogue, self-reflection, and negotiation. We also recognize that the journal’s content demonstrates that CBPR is a complex and challenging framework to implement.

We further acknowledge the vision...Read More

Stuttering and “Retraining” Left-Handed Children in Mid-Century U.S.

by krm | Friday, September 15, 2017 - 11:36 AM

My history of Tourette syndrome ( A Cursing Brain , 1999) involved observing pediatric patients at a university clinic. I noticed that the patient population seemed to have an unusually high proportion of left-handers. Being left-handed myself, I wondered whether and why this might be so. Popular literature often asserts that left-handers are more creative and, in contradiction, more often afflicted with learning disorders such as autism, schizophrenia, attention disorders, retardation, and stuttering. My search for the possible connection between left-handers, learning disabilities, and creativity is examined in my forthcoming book, On the Other Hand: Left Hand, Right Brain, Mental Disorder, and History (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017). Here, I want to explore whether left-handers are at greater risk of stuttering.

In the early twentieth century U. S. many educators and physicians believed that left-handers more often exhibited mental and cognitive disabilities. To reduce this risk they advocated “retraining” left-handers to become right-handed. The methods employed were often tortuous, including corporal punishment, tying a child’s left hand to immobilize it, and humiliation of children resisters. Psychoanalyst Abram Blau, chief psychiatrist of the New York City Board of Education, summed up the views of advocates of...Read More

Jewish History Journal Gets New Leadership

by bjs | Tuesday, September 5, 2017 - 6:00 AM

A new editorial team has taken over at American Jewish History , a journal with more than 100 years of history. This time, a trio of editors will lead the quarterly for the next five years. Kirsten Fermaglich (Michigan State University), Adam Mendelsohn (University of Cape Town) and Daniel Soyer (Fordham University) joined us for a Q&A about their new position and plans for the future.

How did your group end up in the position as editors?

The previous editor’s term was coming to an end, and a search committee for a new one had been set up by the Academic Council of the American Jewish Historical Society , which oversees the journal. We were approached individually by members of the committee and invited to apply for the position. The search committee came to the conclusion that we would work well as a team, and we agreed.

What does it mean to take over the leadership of a journal with such an important history?

Our journal is an official publication of the American Jewish Historical Society, an organization that claims to be the oldest...Read More

Mourning the End of an All Around Education

by bjs | Thursday, August 24, 2017 - 6:00 AM

Sara Dreyfuss currently serves as the Managing Editor of the journal portal: Libraries and the Academy , but she previously worked as the editorial director of the World Book Encyclopedia. Dreyfuss wrote an essay called " Out of Print " about the disappearance of print encyclopedias for the July issue of the journal . She joined us for a Q&A to talk about the importance of encyclopedias and what their demise means to her and learners in general.

What made you decide to write this essay?

Print encyclopedias have long been dear to my heart. Like many members of my generation, I have fond memories of reading encyclopedias, and I have regretted seeing those once-thriving publications go out of business one by one. It has felt like watching beloved family members grow steadily frailer and die. Today, only The World Book Encyclopedia continues to publish a new annual edition, and I fear that even World Book may soon stop producing a print set.

What memories do you have of your relationship with encyclopedias?

As a child,...Read More

Triumph and Trouble: India at 70

by bjs | Tuesday, August 15, 2017 - 6:00 AM

Today marks the seventieth anniversary of India’s independence. The Journal of Democracy included a series of papers on this milestone in its July issue. We are re-printing the editor’s introduction to this cluster of papers, which can be found online at Project MUSE .

For seven decades now, India has been a fountain of challenges to democratic theories. When it became independent on 15 August 1947, India was one of the world’s poorest places in per capita terms. It was also one of the most linguistically diverse and culturally complex, with caste, ethnic, regional, and religious identities cumulating and cross-cutting in volatile ways. Social scientists thought democracy’s prospects dim in such a poor, divided country. Yet India has defied the odds.

It has held sixteen national elections amid conditions of free and open political competition, broken by just one short authoritarian spell in the 1970s. Ballotings across the vast subcontinent with its more than half a billion voters remain consistently well and fairly run—a stunning achievement that makes India a standout in the developing world. Yet too often, violence, fraud, and corruption mar public life, and a shocking...Read More

Edelman Fossil Park: Dreaming of Dinosaurs Creates Pathways for 21st Century Scientists

by krm | Friday, August 11, 2017 - 6:52 AM

By James E. Samels and Arlene L. Lieberman

At Edelman Fossil Park, the past comes alive for people of all ages. Children, campers, families and students all get to dig alongside paleontologists in a site rich with fossils from the Cretaceous period – the heyday of the dinosaurs. Fossils capture the imagination of a broad audience transcending the boundaries of age, educational background, economic circumstances, and geography.

Rowan University, a New Jersey public institution, forged a new vision for educating our children when it purchased the endangered fossil site at a Mantua, New Jersey quarry and added a new School of Earth and Environment.

The Nation needs a significant workforce in the geosciences and environmental sciences to address pressing societal issues… Hands-on engagement in paleontology forges an alluring gateway to these and other STEM careers. Dr. Kenneth Lacovara, Director of the Rowan University Fossil Quarry and Founding Dean of the Rowan School of the Earth & Environment.

Rowan University alumni, Jean and Ric Edelman made a vital contribution to science when they stepped in to expand and preserve the site. In acknowledging their $25 million gift,...Read More

To Be Online

by bjs | Thursday, August 10, 2017 - 6:00 AM

Earlier this year, Shakespeare Quarterly took an important step and launched a brand-new website to showcase content from the journal as well as innovative Shakesperean scholarship outside the traditional print product.

Journal editor Gail Kern Paster , also Director Emerita of the Folger Shakespeare Library, answered a few questions about the launch of the site, which coincided with a special issue focused on new media and Shakespeare.

Douglas Lanier , professor of English at the University of New Hampshire, served a guest editor for the issue, titled #Bard. He joined us for a podcast about the issue and the direction of Shakesperean scholarship and new media.

How exciting is the launch of the new digital space? GKP: All of us at SQ are really excited to be launching this new digital space. We recognize that there are many ways to reach out to our audience and to grow it. We want our readers to have a bird’s eye view of our current and upcoming content and access to one full-text essay from the current issue. And we also want our readers to have access another...Read More

Q&A WITH JESSICA L. ADLER, Burdens of War: Creating the United States Veterans Health System

by krm | Tuesday, August 1, 2017 - 6:00 AM

Q: Why did you decide to write Burdens of War ?

I was a health reporter for a small daily newspaper in Paterson, New Jersey in the early 2000s, writing about issues ranging from the rollout of Medicare Part D and the financial woes of small inner city hospitals to how patients and their families coped with chronic and acute illnesses. During conversations with caregivers, providers, representatives of advocacy organizations, and others, I found myself wondering how certain programs and services came to be, and why some were so idiosyncratic. Around the same time, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan were ramping up, and there was discussion and debate about how returning service members were being treated. In that larger context, I was drawn to explore the history of the army health system. My initial research focused on the origins of Walter Reed Army Medical Center, which, of course, has always played a highly visible role in providing care for military personnel, including in the first decade of the twenty-first century. As I perused the hospital’s early annual reports at the National Archives in Washington, D.C., I came across information about the World War I era and...Read More

Could the famed B&O Railroad be saved? In 1858, one man thought it could.

by krm | Friday, July 21, 2017 - 6:00 AM

A few blocks away from Baltimore’s lively Inner Harbor stands one of railroading’s most iconic buildings: the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Roundhouse, known as the “Birthplace of American Railroading” and now the home of the B&O Railroad Museum . Built in 1884, this historic building celebrates not only the country’s first railroad, but also the man who commissioned it: John W. Garrett, seventh president of the B&O from 1858-1884.

A full biography of Garrett was long overdue. After writing a biography of his daughter, Mary Elizabeth Garrett: Society and Philanthropy in the Gilded Age , I thought it was time to turn my attention to Garrett. Father and daughter had a very powerful, complex relationship; they greatly influenced and admired each other. But writing about the two proved very different. Mary came of age after the Civil War and, like many women of her generation and background, kept countless diaries and journals and left a copious paper trail of her innermost thoughts. Her father, also a product of his times — the male-oriented, show-no-weakness persona of Gilded Age industrialists — left few personal reflections. He was all business and what we know of...Read More