JHU Press Announcements


by jmh | Wednesday, March 18, 2020 - 12:41 PM

1,400 books and 97 journals will be accessible for free for the remainder of the spring semester, ensuring access for university students completing course work at home

In response to the unprecedented challenges created by the COVID-19 global public health crisis, Johns Hopkins University Press is providing free access to its collection of books and journals currently on Project MUSE, a massive online collection of humanities and social science research.

Starting March 18, all JHU Press content currently on the Project MUSE platform will be freely available to readers worldwide until at least May 31, 2020. The decision aims to ease the transition to at-home learning for students who might have difficulty accessing their university libraries remotely as they complete their spring semester course work. As a result of this decision, 1,400 JHU Press books and 97 journals will become accessible for free. Project MUSE is working with other participating publishers to make similar arrangements.

“Access to the best research and scholarship is essential,” noted JHU Press director Barbara Kline Pope in a message to the JHU Press community, “for students completing their studies, for faculty members in their teaching and research, for policy makers weighing critical decisions, and for health professionals working to save lives.  It is comforting and empowering during this uncertain time to do everything we can to stay true to our mission and to help each other navigate unprecedented challenges to daily life—including being a student and conducting research.”

JHU Press joins a number of other university presses working with Project MUSE to quickly address the access needs of university students and faculty as they complete the academic year. In addition to Johns Hopkins University Press, the publishers currently opting to make content free on Project MUSE are Ohio State University Press (all books and journals), University of Nebraska Press (all books and journals), University of North Carolina Press (all books), Temple University Press (all books), and Vanderbilt University Press (selected books). Project MUSE expects to announce additional participants and will continually update the list of publishers offering free access to content.  

“Serving the needs of libraries, publishers, and scholars has been core to the MUSE mission since day one,” said Wendy Queen, the director of Project MUSE. “The global COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in enormous and rapid changes to the lives of all our constituents, with the need to adapt daily to new methods of communicating and working. MUSE is grateful for the opportunity to support our community through this crisis, as a hub to connect users and the content they need, from wherever they can.”

Content that is freely available on the Project MUSE platform during the COVID-19 crisis will display a distinctive “Free” icon, indicating that the material is temporarily accessible and distinct from permanently free status of “Open Access” material.


by jmh | Monday, March 9, 2020 - 11:57 AM

Hopkins Fulfillment Services will distribute the MLA Handbook and other titles

Hopkins Fulfillment Services (HFS), a full-service print and e-book distributor and sales consortium for university presses and non-profit institutions, welcomes the Modern Language Association to its growing family of distinguished publishing partners. Starting in April 2020, HFS will manage warehousing, fulfillment, and sales representation for the Association’s highly regarded publications program.

“We feel that MLA’s mission and publishing program are an ideal match for HFS. Our distribution and sales services will help MLA advance its mission, engage its members, and reach a wide audience of students and scholars,” says HFS Director Davida Breier. “MLA’s outstanding work in the humanities closely aligns with the programs of all of our publishers.  We are thrilled to be working with them.”

Widely known for publishing the MLA Handbook, now in its eighth edition, the Association produces a wide-range of resources for teachers, students, and researchers, including translations for classroom use, texts on professional issues, and well-established book series. Recent titles include Approaches to Teaching the Works of Octavia E. Butler, the MLA Guide to Digital Literacy, The Arab Renaissance: A Bilingual Anthology of the Nahda, and Approaches to Teaching Bechdel’s Fun Home. For more than a century, the 24,000-member Association has worked to strengthen the study and teaching of languages and literatures.

“MLA book publications offer a rich and wide-ranging set of resources for our members, the professions they represent, and their students,” said MLA Executive Director Paula Krebs. “The MLA is therefore delighted to work with Hopkins Fulfillment Services to bring these resources to a wider audience.”

About the Modern Language Association: Founded in 1883, the Modern Language Association of America provides opportunities for its members to share their scholarly findings and teaching experiences with colleagues and to discuss trends in the academy. MLA members host an annual convention and other meetings, work with related organizations, and sustain one of the finest publishing programs in the humanities.

About HFS: Since 1977 HFS has provided distribution services for a distinguished list of university presses and nonprofit institutions. HFS represents Johns Hopkins University Press, Georgetown University Press, University of Washington Press, The University Press of Kentucky, Catholic University of America Press, University of Massachusetts Press, University of New Orleans Press, Maryland Historical Society, University of South Carolina Press, Family Development Press, Northeastern University, Wesleyan University Press, Central European University Press, and the Modern Language Association. HFS is a division of Johns Hopkins University Press. 

JHU Press celebrates International Open Access Week by publishing 100 OA books

by jmh | Monday, October 21, 2019 - 9:44 AM

"Hopkins Open Publishing: Encore Editions” makes seminal works by
A. O. Lovejoy, George Boas, Hayden White, and others available online for free

Johns Hopkins University Press is marking International Open Access Week (October 21-27) with the release of one hundred newly digitized open access books, including many seminal works by distinguished scholars that have been unavailable in recent years.  The works are accessible for free through Project MUSE, the massive online collection of scholarship based at Johns Hopkins which now offers opportunities for publishers to host free and open access content. 

The release represents the halfway point in an initiative funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities called “Hopkins Open Publishing: Encore Editions” which will create open access digital editions as well as print-on-demand paperback editions of more than 200 titles drawn from the Press’s backlist of noteworthy but currently out-of-print titles.  A full list is available on the Press’s open access resource page.

“We are thrilled that these first one hundred books are now available again to readers around the world,” said JHU Press director Barbara Kline Pope. “The opportunity to make this important work open and accessible for free is a significant extension of our mission to deliver scholarship to readers everywhere. We are grateful to Mellon, the NEH, and to our OA team across JHUP.”

Led by editorial director Greg Britton, the Press’s “Encore Editions” OA project has been a significant undertaking developed in partnership with the Johns Hopkins Sheridan Libraries and funded by a $200,000 Mellon/NEH Humanities Open Book Program grant in 2018. Editors at the Press worked closely with collections specialists at the Sheridan Libraries to review thousands of out-of-print works that have been difficult or impossible to access. Once titles were selected, JHU Press staff member Will Krause worked to clear publishing rights with authors or their estates and to orchestrate the process of digitizing and relaunching the books. Other staff members have assisted with design, production, and plans for marketing the new editions.

The Encore Editions include works in American and European history, literary studies, and philosophy, and represent some of the most intellectually and academically consequential scholarship published by Hopkins Press.  Highlights include the following (hyperlinked titles are currently available as OA editions; others will be available by early 2020):

Several works by A. O. Lovejoy, the Hopkins intellectual historian and philosopher who founded the field of History of Ideas: Essays in the History of Ideas; The Thirteen Pragmatisms; and The Reason, the Understanding, and the Time.

A ground-breaking study of American consumer society by Regina Blaszczyk, the former cultural history curator at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History, based on extensive research in previously untapped corporate archives: Imagining Consumers.

Pulitzer-prize winning historian Jack Rakove’s reappraisal of the politics of the Revolutionary period: The Beginnings of National Politics: An Interpretive History of the Continental Congress.

Deborah Kaplan’s influential study of 19th-century women’s culture that promoted female authority and achievement: Jane Austen Among Women.

A collection of essays concerned with history in critical discourse by Hayden White, whose book Metahistory is a flagship text on historiography:  Figural Realism: Studies in the Mimesis Effect.

Alison Patrick’s re-framing of conventional views of the tumultuous French National Convention of 1792: The Men of the First French Republic.

“As a leading publisher of scholarly books by extraordinarily distinguished authors, we are excited about a new publishing model that allows these works to re-enter important conversations that have evolved significantly since the time the books were originally published,” noted Greg Britton.

The Encore Editions from JHU Press join a growing collection of open access and free content available from a variety of non-profit publishers on Project MUSE.  A 2016 grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation allowed MUSE to launch a new platform capable of delivering OA content in a highly-discoverable and adaptable format using user-friendly HTML5 rather than static PDFs, a major step forward in OA publishing in the humanities.

Project MUSE currently hosts more than 1,200 OA books and anticipates that number will continue to increase, with new titles funded through initiatives including the Humanities Open Book program, Knowledge Unlatched, TOME, Mellon grants, and other publisher- and institution-driven programs. Open access content on MUSE is fully integrated and supported alongside the more than 500,000 journal articles and 1,000,000 book chapters also on the platform.


Project MUSE Announces Free Access to Gun Violence Scholarship

by jmh | Wednesday, August 14, 2019 - 6:42 PM

Providing access beyond institutional subscribers aims to ground the policy debate in research and current scholarship

Project MUSE, the massive online collection of scholarship administered by Johns Hopkins University Press and accessible primarily through university libraries, is providing free access to more than a dozen journal articles and books focused on understanding and preventing gun violence.  The goal is to encourage the broadest possible engagement with current research and expertise on the topic as the latest round of gun policy debates and discussions continue in the wake of shootings in California, Texas, and Ohio. The collection, called “MUSE in Focus: Addressing Gun Violence,” is available at http://bit.ly/MUSEinFocus-Gun-Violence.

“We wanted to work quickly to assemble this material,” said Project MUSE director Wendy Queen. “While MUSE content is available to millions of researchers worldwide through their subscribing institutions, it was important to us that this work be made available to everyone.”

The material was selected by the Project MUSE staff in consultation with publishers to provide a broad range of perspectives and expertise relevant to the policy debates that are inevitably renewed with each new incident of gun violence.   Participating publishers include Johns Hopkins University Press, Michigan State University Press, Penn State University Press, University of Massachusetts Press, University of Michigan Press, University of North Carolina Press, and University of Pennsylvania Press. The collection features titles such as Private Guns, Public Health, by David Hemenway, and After Gun Violence: Deliberation and Memory in an Age of Political Gridlock, by Craig Rood.

Also included is the book, Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis, edited by Daniel W. Webster and Jon S. Vernick, which JHU Press director Barbara Kline Pope decided to make available as an open access PDF in 2017 after the mass shooting in Las Vegas.  She had joined the Press only several weeks before that incident.  Information about the book’s free availability has been shared repeatedly after subsequent shootings.

“It’s enormously sad— it’s astonishing, frankly—that this is the fourth time in less than two years at  JHU Press that I have been part of an effort to make material like this available to the public in the wake of horrific gun violence,” commented Pope. “It’s tremendously important that the voices of experts and the insights of years of relevant research have full weight in the discussion of gun policy by lawmakers, journalists, and the public.  Lives literally depend on understanding that research-based solutions and consensus are possible.”

Project MUSE is a leading provider of digital humanities and social science content for the scholarly community.  Since 1995, the MUSE Journal Collections have supported a wide array of research needs at academic, public, special, and school libraries worldwide. MUSE is the trusted source of complete, full-text versions of scholarly journals from many of the world's leading university presses and scholarly societies, with over 120 publishers currently participating. Books on Project MUSE offers access to more than 57,000 books from over 100 presses, fully integrated with MUSE's scholarly journal content for browsing and discovery.

Richard A. Macksey, 1931-2019

by jmh | Wednesday, July 24, 2019 - 10:09 AM

Richard A. Macksey, who was affiliated with Johns Hopkins University for more than sixty years, died on Monday at age 87. We salute this legendary member of the Hopkins community and are grateful for his long and consequential association with the Press.  Along with warm friendships and countless kindnesses enjoyed by generations of our staff, Dick was a perennial member of our Faculty Editorial Board and co-editor of one of the most notable books ever published by the Press, The Structuralist Controversy. He also served as the Comparative Literature Editor for the journal MLN for many years. The journal published a tribute to Dick after his retirement in 2009, which is available on Project MUSE.

Read more about Dick Macksey's remarkable life and career on the JHU HUB, and read a remembrance by JHUP's editorial director Greg Britton on our blog.



JHU Press launches Hopkins Sales Partners

by jmh | Tuesday, February 19, 2019 - 2:07 PM

New infrastructure, professional positions, and sales representation will broaden services and book-selling opportunities for JHUP and client publishers

Johns Hopkins University Press has announced organizational changes designed to strengthen its bookselling operations and expand the services and opportunities available to the clients of JHUP’s highly regarded distribution division.  The newly created Hopkins Sales Partners will manage sales for all books published by JHU Press and will also offer sales representation as an option to the publishers who are clients of Hopkins Fulfillment Services (HFS).  Hopkins Sales Partners currently represents Johns Hopkins University Press, Wesleyan University Press, Northeastern University Press, and University of New Orleans Press.  Sales representation will be available only to existing and new HFS clients.

“Forming Hopkins Sales Partners is an important step as we work creatively and collaboratively to advance our goal of disseminating knowledge and enhancing discovery for JHUP and our HFS partners,” said JHU Press Director Barbara Kline Pope.  “We never forget that university presses are motivated to connect authors and readers in order to make the world a more informed place and provide a pathway to civil public discourse. A strong sales operation is essential to fulfilling our mission, and we are fortunate to launch this new effort with the involvement of some very talented and experienced colleagues who know book selling as well as anyone in the business. ”   

Hopkins Sales Partners will be led by Davida Breier, who has been Fulfillment Operation Manager for HFS since 2010.  In her new position as Director of Hopkins Fulfillment Services and Hopkins Sales Partners, she will continue general oversight of HFS and add new responsibilities for book sales for JHUP and several HFS clients.  Before joining the team at Hopkins, Breier led sales and marketing teams at Biblio Distribution and National Book Network (NBN).

The launch of Hopkins Sales Partners brings several other changes:

Terrence Melvin, formerly the HFS Customer Service Supervisor, has been named Customer Service and Operations Manager and will take on the day-to-day operations of HFS.

Heidi Vincent has been hired as the new Business Development and Sales Manager. Most recently Vice President of Marketing for Books at National Geographic, Vincent brings extensive marketing and sales experience to new duties managing domestic national accounts, commission sales representative relationships, and special sales. 

Hopkins Sales Partners will also benefit from the work of seasoned JHUP staff members Devon Renwick, who was recently promoted to Sales and Metadata Specialist, and Cathy Bergeron, who continues in her role as Inventory Coordinator.   

In addition to these internal staffing assignments, commission sales representation under contract to Hopkins Sales Partners was also reorganized and strengthened at the beginning of the year. 

“Having strong and dependable relationships with our clients and vendors gives us a genuine advantage in bookselling,” notes Breier, “and this new partnership gives us a large and engaging list to sell.  Our HFS clients publish brilliant books, and we’re happy to offer them these new services.  By working together we’re better positioned for new opportunities and even greater success.”


Pair of Journals Win Awards

by bjs | Friday, February 8, 2019 - 10:00 AM

A pair of Johns Hopkins University Press journals won PROSE Awards announced recently by the Association of American Publishers.

ASAP/Journal and Modernism/modernity took home awards at the PSP Annual Conference on Thursday, Feb. 7 in Washington, D.C.

“We are grateful that the AAP has honored the editorial vison and excellence of these publications,” says JHU Press Journals Publisher William Breichner. “Working with scholars to publish and make widely available such projects is central to our mission as one of the leading university press journal programs.”

ASAP/Journal, edited by Penn State University's Jonathan Eburne, was chosen as the Best New Journal in Humanities. The journal published its first volume in January 2016 under the leadership of Eburne and Amy Elias from the University of Tennessee. ASAP/Journal, together with its open-access digital platform ASAP/J,  is the official publication of the Association for the Study of the Arts of the Present.

The journal promotes intellectual exchange between artists and critics across the arts and humanities. Since its launch, the journal has published articles that examine new and emerging arts movements and aesthetic practices, and has provided a platform for new critical methods and vocabularies. The journal has previously won awards from the Council of Editors of Learned Journals for Best New Journal and Best Journal Design.

Modernism/modernity was recognized in the new Innovation in Journal Publishing category for its Print Plus platform. Debra Rae Cohen (University of South Carolina), who led the journal’s development of the platform, edits the journal along with Christopher Bush (Northwestern University)

The Print Plus platform of Modernism/modernity is an open, digital publication platform that is an integral part of the journal, which is the official journal of the Modernist Studies Association. The primary purpose of the platform is to provide a peer-reviewed, online academic environment for multimedia argument-based research.

The development of the Print Plus platform represented a significant innovation to provide a completely functional site which provided new content that matched the academic rigor of the print journal. The cycles of Print Plus were designed to allow for the release of articles, clusters, blogs and commentary throughout the year.

JHU Press celebrates Open Access Week by releasing 100 “HTML5” open access books

by jmh | Monday, October 22, 2018 - 11:42 AM

The collection is part of a new initiative from Project MUSE that represents
the “next chapter” in OA publishing by university presses

JHU Press has released 100 open access (OA) books as part of an innovative initiative by Project MUSE, the highly-acclaimed online collection of humanities and social science scholarship. The books, collectively known as “Hopkins Open Publishing,” will be available free of charge on a newly designed platform that offers a highly-discoverable and adaptable format using user-friendly HTML5 rather than static PDFs. The new platform launched by Project MUSE earlier this year represents a major step forward in OA publishing for university presses.  The release of the JHU Press OA titles coincides with Open Access Week, which is also celebrated annually by JHU’s Sheridan Libraries.

“Books that are open to the world have the power to transform the discovery of new knowledge and facilitate evidence-based decisions,” said Barbara Kline Pope, Director of the Johns Hopkins University Press. “Thanks to a generous grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the innovations implemented on the Project MUSE platform are just the first step in facilitating breakthrough knowledge acquisition. We’re so proud that JHU Press is home to Project MUSE, and that books published by Hopkins will comprise the largest OA collection contributed by any university press. And this is just the start—we plan to add many more OA editions in the coming years.”

The JHU Press works selected for the OA program range widely across disciplines and have the potential to re-enter important conversations that have evolved significantly since the time the books were originally published. Elinor Accampo’s 2006 book, Blessed Motherhood, Bitter Fruit: Nelly Roussel and the Politics of Female Pain in Third Republic France, for example, offers a definitive—and newly resonant—account of the overwhelming obstacles faced by “first wave” feminists in their struggles against the politics and culture of patriarchy.  Similarly, Philip Gallman’s Green Alternatives and National Energy Strategy: The Facts behind the Headlines, first published in 2011, offers data and analysis that seem more relevant than ever in public discussions of energy and environmental policies.

Project MUSE anticipates hosting hundreds more OA scholarly books, funded through initiatives including the Humanities Open Book program, Knowledge Unlatched, TOME, Mellon grants, and other publisher- and institution-driven programs. Open access content on MUSE is fully integrated and supported alongside the more than 54,000 books and 650 scholarly journal titles also on the platform. MUSE welcomes inquiries from publishers and other content creators with scholarship they wish to make freely available, with wide reach and rich options for discovery, linking, and transformative impact.

“This really represents the next chapter in OA publishing for MUSE and our university press collaborators,” said Wendy Queen, Director of Project MUSE, “and we’re thrilled that JHU Press will have so many important works available open access on MUSE in such a flexible, useful format.”

About Project MUSE

Project MUSE is a leading provider of digital humanities and social science content for the scholarly community.  Since 1995, the MUSE Journal Collections have supported a wide array of research needs at academic, public, special, and school libraries worldwide. MUSE is the trusted source of complete, full-text versions of scholarly journals from many of the world's leading university presses and scholarly societies, with over 120 publishers currently participating. Books on Project MUSE offers access to more than 54,000 books from over 100 presses, fully integrated with MUSE's scholarly journal content for browsing and discovery. Find out more here: https://about.muse.jhu.edu/about/story/.


by jmh | Thursday, May 17, 2018 - 10:18 AM

Johns Hopkins University Press director Barbara Kline Pope has announced an innovative combination of initiatives aimed at amplifying the impact of ground-breaking scholarly work published by the Press.  New partnerships with the acclaimed curated news sites The Conversation and Made by History will give Press authors and journal editors and contributors significant new opportunities to frame their expertise and insights for audiences beyond the academic realm through “explanatory journalism.”  

“These two platforms combine to advance the core mission of our book and journal publishing—bringing the deep expertise of researchers and academics to broader discussions of public issues,” said Pope. “We are committed to making a positive impact on the world through the dissemination of solid, peer-reviewed knowledge and information. These partnerships make it even more likely that our authors and editors can make a difference through informed, civil public discourse.”

As the first university press to join The Conversation as a supporting member, JHUP aligns itself with a widely-praised effort to “provide a fact-based and editorially independent forum, free of commercial or political bias.”  The Conversation launched in the U.S. as a pilot project in October 2014, offering an independent and open source of news and views from the academic and research community, delivered direct to the public. The Press’s membership provides direct access to The Conversation’s editorial team and advance notice of stories being developed in subject areas well-represented by the Press’s books and journals.

The Washington Post’s Made by History is a similar effort aimed at helping readers “understand the history behind the breakneck news.” Articles offer historical analyses that help to put headline-making events in their larger historical context, explaining the origins of policy battles, illuminating social and cultural pathways, and grappling with parallels between the past and present.  Membership in Made by History ensures that Press authors and editors have increased opportunities to contribute meaningfully to public understanding of current events.

“Our new partnerships with The Conversation and Made by History make for a powerful opportunity for our authors and editors to broaden the discoverability and impact of their research and writing,” notes editorial director Greg Britton.  “We believe so strongly in the relevance and significance of the scholarly work we publish, and the heart of our mission is to share that work with the reading public.”

“We are so pleased to welcome Johns Hopkins as our first university press member,” said Bruce Wilson, Executive Director and Co-CEO of The Conversation, “and we look forward to partnering with others in the university press community to bring even broader attention to the expertise available in the vital works they publish.”    


by jmh | Monday, April 9, 2018 - 10:44 AM

The award will make more than 200 out-of-print books by humanities scholars available as digital editions that will be easily discoverable and accessible for free

Johns Hopkins University Press, in partnership with the Johns Hopkins Sheridan Libraries, has received a $200,000 grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities to create digital editions of more than 200 significant but currently out-of-print scholarly books published by the Press. The grant also makes it possible for these new digital editions to be accessible for free through MUSE Open, a new publishing initiative by Project MUSE, the highly-regarded online collection of scholarly journals and books.

"This is wonderful support for our core mission of making important scholarship accessible to readers worldwide,” commented Press Director Barbara Kline Pope, "and it echoes the transformative funding from Mellon and NEH a generation ago that helped the Press and Library at Johns Hopkins create Project MUSE in the first place. We’re grateful for this latest example of visionary investment in the future of scholarly communication."

To prepare for the project, an editorial team at the Press worked closely with collections specialists at the Sheridan Libraries to review thousands of out-of-print works that are currently difficult or impossible to access.  The grant will enable the Press to create new digital editions that are formatted for maximum discoverability and ease of access, and to make them available for free to readers around the world through MUSE Open.

 The books selected for the project include works in American and European history, literary studies, and philosophy, and represent some of the most intellectually and academically consequential scholarship published by Hopkins Press. 

  • In the field of U. S. History, selected works offer insights into the shifting contours of historiographic methodologies and explore the disciplines of American economic history, political and legal history, and the history of technology.
  • Titles in European History highlight interdisciplinary works that have both advanced knowledge and contributed to the changing methodologies of the study of history writ large.
  • Works in Literary Criticism range from American and British Literature to Critical Theory and include celebrated titles that have helped spark the major theoretical paradigm shifts in the field over the last forty years.
  • In Philosophy and Political Theory, the works selected have informed ongoing philosophical and theoretical debates and address topics such as the American public sector’s recent turn toward privatization and the relationship between economic development and democratization.

“As a leading publisher of scholarly books by extraordinarily distinguished authors, we are excited about a new publishing model that brings these works to a new generation of readers,” noted Greg Britton, Editorial Director at the Press and the principal investigator for the grant.  “With the generous support of NEH and Mellon, and with such capable partners as Project MUSE and the Sheridan Libraries, we can ensure that this credentialed and time-tested work is freely accessible, eminently discoverable, and can once again inform scholarly and public discourse.”  

The digitized works are expected to be available through MUSE Open in Fall, 2019.


Johns Hopkins University Press publishes 88 scholarly journals and 150 new books each year and is home to Project MUSE, the innovative host and disseminator of 670 scholarly journals and 50,000 monographs from 260 not-for-profit society and university-based publishers.  The Press also provides eight other university presses with international distribution of print and e-books.  www.press.jhu.edu

The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) was created in 1965 as an independent federal agency.  The NEH supports research and learning in history, literature, philosophy, and other areas of the humanities by funding selected, peer-reviewed proposals from around the nation. Additional information about the NEH and its grant programs is available at www.neh.gov.

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation endeavors to strengthen, promote, and, where necessary, defend the contributions of the humanities and the arts to human flourishing and to the well-being of diverse and democratic societies.  To this end, the Foundation supports exemplary institutions of higher education and culture as they renew and provide access to an invaluable heritage of ambitious, path-breaking work. Additional information is available at www.mellon.org.