Articles must be submitted in Microsoft Word, typically via e-mail or an electronic file sharing service, to the guest editor, who will then shepherd it through for review.
A brief abstract (200 words maximum) should appear at the beginning of the article.
A biography for each author (150 words maximum) should be included at the end of the article.
Articles published in Library Trends are typically in the range of 4,000-10,000 words, not including references and supplementary material. Longer or shorter submissions can be accommodated, but this is dependent on the significance of the content and subject to consultations with the guest and general editors.
If you are including an acknowledgement statement, this should be inserted at the end of the text, before the references and endnotes.
The general rule for text formatting is to follow The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Edition (http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.html); however, the following guidelines should be sufficient to prepare most manuscripts.
Use Times New Roman 12 pt. type and justify to the left only.
Articles should be single spaced.
Insert a double space between paragraphs.
Use American English spelling (except within quotes).
Number pages consecutively throughout the manuscript in the footer of the Word document.
Do not insert any header or footer other than the page number.
Only use bullets for vertical lists (do not use numbered lists).
Lengthy quotes (normally exceeding 5 lines) should be formatted as block quotations, and indented from the left margin only.
Format subheads consistently, using no more than three levels; for example: capitals (level 1); italics (level 2); italics run-in to paragraph text (level 3). Justify all headings to the left.
Level 3. Run-in to paragraph text
To mark divisions without using subheads, center three asterisks on a separate line, as follows:
Notes can be used for narrative expansions of the text but should be used sparingly. Do not use a note to state a URL or to cite a source. Follow the guidelines given below for citing all materials in the list of references. If using notes, use the automated note-preparation facility in Word and use endnotes, not footnotes. In your submitted Word document, it is permissible for endnotes to appear after the list of references, with this being a feature of the automated note system. Subsequently, copy editors will place endnotes before the list of references.
Do not use hanging indents in the bibliography.
Follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition (http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.html), using author-date format for citations and bibliography.
The Chicago Manual of Style website provides basic examples; however, be careful to click to view the tab with the Author-Date formatting, as the default on the website is Notes and Bibliography, which is not the correct style for Library Trends (http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html)
You may also find the Purdue OWL useful for guidance (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/), and in particular the author-date sample paper (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/10/).
Anything cited in the text needs to be in the list of references. Conversely, anything in the list of references requires a citation in the text.
Collect all tables together in a separate Word file. Do not embed them in the text.
Tables should be formatted in Word as grayscale text, not as a graphic image.
Include column headings and explain all abbreviations and terms, making them consistent with usage in the text. Use “%” (do not spell out as percent) in tables.
Include a call-out in the text to show where each table should be inserted (e.g., INSERT TABLE 1 HERE). We will do our best to accommodate the desired location of the table.
Place a caption beneath the call-out. The caption should include the table number, followed by a description; e.g., “Table 1: Rates of Book and Periodical Inflation, 1980-2010”
FIGURES: PHOTOGRAPHS & ILLUSTRATIONS
Submit each figure in a separate file (JPG or TIF). Do not submit photographs or illustrations as Word files, as they make for very poor quality.
Do not submit files in color but rather convert to grayscale. Because the journal is produced in grayscale, the benefits of colors will be lost and distinctions made in the text based on color may not be evident to readers.
Figures should be scanned at 300 dpi or higher and saved as grayscale files in TIF or JPG. Music figures should be submitted at 1200-1500 dpi.
Each figure should be numbered and have a caption. Place a call-out and the attached caption in the text at the required point. We will do our best to accommodate the desired location.
Figure captions should include the figure number, a description, and (if applicable) a permission or source statement.
It is the responsibility of the author to obtain permissions that may be required to reprint any copyrighted material, whether previously published or not, that falls outside the bounds of fair use. Such permissions must be obtained in writing and should be completed at the request of the managing editor, who reviews articles after they have been submitted to the guest editor. The managing editor is responsible for providing the proper form for authors to use in requesting and obtaining permissions. Authors should acknowledge receipt of permissions in captions at the appropriate place in the manuscript.
If you have any questions about the preparation of your manuscript, please consult the Managing Editor of Library Trends, Cindy Ashwill, Assistant Dean for Communications, School of Information Sciences, email: firstname.lastname@example.org.