Encyclopedia of American Studies brings together a wide range of disciplines related to the history and cultures of the United States, from pre-colonial days to the present. With over 750 online, searchable articles and biographies and accompanying bibliographies, Encyclopedia of American Studies supports research and study in a wide range of courses and assignments at all levels. For additional information visit www.eas-ref.press.jhu.edu. Under sponsorship of the American Studies Association (ASA). Updated and expanded quarterly.