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Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Future Publications

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TO APPEAR IN - upcoming issues of the Bulletin of the History of Medicine.

The Fielding H. Garrison Lecture
Enemy of the People/Enemy of the State:
Two Great(ly Infamous) Doctors, Passions, and the Judgment of History

By: Susan M. Reverby
PDF (Posted July 3, 2014)

SUMMARY: If the aphorism “history will be the judge” is deployed, the active agent of this formulation is the historian. Comparing two great(ly infamous) doctors, John C. Cutler and Alan Berkman, the article considers how historians balance digging for sources, creating meaningful narrative, and acknowledging our own beliefs that embed in the judgments we make. The article explores our responsibility for balance and moral judgment at the same time. Cutler, admonished for his role in the infamous sexually transmitted diseases studies in Tuskegee and Guatemala, also was a well-respected researcher and teacher. Berkman, renowned for his success in global HIV/AIDs activism, was also only the second physician in U.S. history to be charged with accessory to murder after the fact and who served seven hard years for bombings and robbery. The author considers her relationship to these physicians and the effort to create a passionate historical practice.
KEYWORDS: great doctors, historical judgment, historical theory

Vaccination and the Politics of Medical Knowledge in Nineteenth-Century Japan
By: Daniel Trambaiolo
PDF (Posted July 3, 2014)

SUMMARY: The adoption of the cowpox vaccine in nineteenth-century Japan has often been seen as a more straightforward development than its introduction to other non-Western countries. However, the research leading to this conclusion has been based primarily on sources written by Japanese practitioners of Western-style medicine (ranpō), while the perspectives of Chinese-style (kanpō) practitioners, who were more numerous than ranpō practitioners but less likely to have shown immediate enthusiasm for vaccination, have been largely neglected. Kanpō doctors typically learned about vaccination from Chinese rather than European sources and often held an ambivalent attitude toward the vaccine’s foreign origins. This article develops an analysis of kanpō writings on vaccination and suggests that skepticism about the vaccine remained widespread for at least a decade after its initial arrival in Japan, providing new insights into both the initial opposition and the subsequent acceptance of the technique.
KEYWORDS: smallpox, vaccine, Dutch studies (rangaku), kanpō medicine, East Asian medicine, public health, Japanese nationalism

Writing Women into Medical History in the 1930s:
Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead and “Medical Women” of the Past and Present

By: Toby A. Appel
PDF (Posted July 3, 2014)

SUMMARY: Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead (1867–1941), a leader among second-generation women physicians in America, became a pioneer historian of women in medicine in the 1930s. The coalescence of events in her personal life, the declining status of women in medicine, and the growing significance of the new and relatively open field of history of medicine all contributed to this transformation in her career. While she endeavored to become part of the community of male physicians who wrote medical history, her primary identity remained that of a “medical woman.” For Hurd-Mead, the history of women in the past not only filled a vital gap in scholarship but served practical ends that she had earlier pursued by other means—those of inspiring and advancing the careers of women physicians of the present day, promoting organizations of women physicians, and advocating for equality of opportunity in the medical profession.
KEYWORDS: Hurd-Mead, women in medicine, medical publishing, history of medicine, historians of medicine

Considering Death: The Third British Heart Transplant, 1969
By: Helen MacDonald
PDF (Posted July 3, 2014)

SUMMARY: On May 29, 1969, London’s newspapers carried dramatic headlines: “Donor’s Heart ‘Switched Off’ by Doctors.” Margaret Sinsbury had died in Guy’s Hospital, after which her heart was removed and transplanted. This, the third British heart transplant, crystallized the deep concerns that were by then swirling around the wider transplant enterprise, notably whether the people from whom organs were being taken were dead or had been made so. Yet a year earlier, to reassure the public in this regard, a formula had been devised at the U.K. Health Ministries’ MacLennan Conference to enable death to be certified based on cerebral rather than cardiac indicators. This was the first such formula in the English-speaking world, and it included safeguards to protect the interests of dying patients who were considered to be potential organ donors. However, the third British heart transplant revealed these protections to be a chimera, and brought such operations there to a halt for a decade.
KEYWORDS: Death, organ transplantation, heart transplantation, Human Tissue Act 1961, MacLennan Conference, medical ethics, medical authority

Bulletin of the History of Medicine

Bulletin of the History of Medicine is the official journal of the American Association for the History of Medicine.

Volume: 88 (2014)
Frequency: Quarterly
Print ISSN: 0007-5140
Online ISSN: 1086-3176